Effects of Parathyroid Hormone in Men With Osteoporosis

Mass General Brigham logo

Mass General Brigham

Status and phase

Phase 3




Drug: Alendronate
Drug: Parathyroid hormone

Study type


Funder types



P50AR044855 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility


Alendronate is a drug that blocks or reduces bone loss, while parathyroid hormone (PTH) stimulates the formation of new bone. The purpose of this study is to compare the bone-building effects of PTH alone, alendronate alone, and both PTH and alendronate in men with osteoporosis over a two-and-a-half year period.

Full description

Osteoporosis causes bones to weaken and break more easily. Alendronate is used to treat or prevent osteoporosis. PTH is a protein hormone that increases the calcium and phosphorus release from bone, leading to formation of new bone. This study will examine the changes in bone density measured at multiple places in the skeleton and changes in chemicals in the body that indicate bone breakdown and bone formation. The study will indicate whether some breakdown of bone is required for PTH to have an overall bone-building effect in men. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive PTH alone by daily injection under the skin, alendronate alone taken by mouth, or both PTH and alendronate. The study will last 2.5 years. All participants will receive some form of treatment for osteoporosis. Blood, urine, and bone density tests will be performed at 6-month intervals. During the first 6 months, participants will come in for additional study visits. Participants who complete the initial 2.5 years of their assigned treatment will be eligible for a 12 month extension to monitor bone density and bone turnover after PTH is stopped. Participants who were receiving alendronate will continue taking alendronate. The goal of this extension is to determine what happens to bone density and turnover after PTH is stopped and whether alendronate is needed to prevent loss of PTH-induced bone gain. Participants who complete the 12 month extension while on their assigned treatment will be eligible for a second 12 month extension in which all participants receive PTH therapy. Participants who have been receiving alendronate continue taking alendronate. The goal of the second extension is to determine if responsiveness to PTH is enhanced by a 12 month suspension of PTH treatment.




46 to 85 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Bone density of the spine or femoral neck two standard deviations below the mean of young adult men
  • Normal renal and liver function tests, normal serum testosterone level, normal vitamin D and PTH levels

Exclusion criteria

  • Significant cardiac, renal, hepatic, or malignant disease.
  • Disorders (e.g., Paget's disease, hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism) or drugs (e.g., steroids, anticonvulsants, lithium, bisphosphonates, calcitonin, fluoride) known to affect bone metabolism
  • Active peptic ulcer disease or severe reflux

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems