Effects of Web-Based Health Information on Risk Behavior for Youth With Type 1 Diabetes in College

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Boston Children's Hospital

Status

Completed

Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1

Treatments

Behavioral: Provider-Based Web-Based Health Information
Behavioral: Peer-Based Web-Based Health Information

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02883829
IRB-P00023029

Details and patient eligibility

About

Adolescence and emerging adulthood are critical periods during which health outcomes may be imperiled for youth with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). Due to the strong presence of alcohol use in the college environment, college students with T1D may be especially vulnerable to these risks. Our goal is to develop preliminary evidence in support of a scalable intervention targeting diabetes health management and alcohol use avoidance for college youth with T1D. For this project the investigators will engage at least 120 youth with T1D in college. The study sample will be drawn from two national, non-profit, peer support based groups: the College Diabetes Network (CDN) and the TuDiabetes Network. The study aims to 1) develop and pilot and educational video intervention; 2) determine the acceptability and efficiency of various web platforms for engaging college students in completing a survey about their health and alcohol use and to; 3) compare effectiveness of delivery of a brief intervention delivered by a peer versus a provider. The investigators plan to engage 120 college youth with T1D in completing a survey about their health knowledge and alcohol use behaviors. Baseline survey items will ask participants about knowledge, attitudes, and practices/plans for diabetes self-management and alcohol use in college. In response to survey items, participants will provide information on topics including general and disease-specific health information, as well as attitudes, behavior, beliefs, and knowledge related to alcohol use. Participants will also respond to questions relating to social support, mental health, and perseverance and commitment to long term goals. Following the baseline survey, participants will be presented with a brief educational video about diabetes self-management and alcohol use risks. Participants will be randomized to receive one of two educational video interventions. One version will be framed and delivered from a peer-based source and the other from a provider, content will otherwise be identical. Participants will receive 2 follow-up surveys; one immediately following viewing the video and the second two weeks later. Both the immediate follow-up and the 2-week follow-up survey will test salience, recall, and effects on health knowledge, beliefs and behavioral intentions. While the main purpose of the pilot is to ascertain preferences in the absence of preliminary data, our a priori hypothesis is that peer delivery will have greater impact for this population.

Enrollment

138 patients

Sex

All

Ages

17 to 25 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Participants will be eligible to be included given: self-report of medical diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes, membership in a college diabetes network (CDN) chapter or TuDiabetes (the sampling frame), attendance/matriculation in college, ability to read and understand English (the language of the surveys and the educational vignettes), access to the Internet, ages 17-25 years. Participants must consent to participation in the study and consent to be re-contacted for the two-week follow up assessment, and provide a valid e-mail address for re-contact.

Exclusion criteria

  • Participants who do not report a diagnosis of T1D, those who are unable to speak/read English at a middle school reading level, use a computer keyboard and/or complete a web-based questionnaire will be excluded. Patients who do not consent to the 2-week follow up or do not provide a valid e-mail address for re-contact will also be excluded.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

138 participants in 2 patient groups

Peer-Based Delivery
Experimental group
Description:
The Peer-Based Delivery Arm will receive a brief health information intervention (delivered as video content) about diabetes self-management and alcohol use risks, measuring effects on health knowledge. For this arm, a peer will be the spokesperson delivering the intervention content.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Peer-Based Web-Based Health Information
Provider-Based Delivery
Experimental group
Description:
The Provider-Based Delivery Arm will receive a brief health information intervention (delivered as video content) about diabetes self-management and alcohol use risks, measuring effects on health knowledge. For this arm, a healthcare provider will be the spokesperson delivering the intervention content.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Provider-Based Web-Based Health Information

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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