Efficacy and Safety of Everolimus in Liver Transplant Recipients of Living Donor Liver Transplants

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Novartis

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Liver Transplantation

Treatments

Drug: Standard tacrolimus
Drug: Everolimus + reduced tacrolimus

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT01888432
2010-024527-25 (EudraCT Number)
CRAD001H2307

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this trial was to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of everolimus in combination with reduced tacrolimus, compared to tacrolimus control, in living donor liver transplant recipients.

Full description

This study was 24 month, multicenter study in 280 living donor liver transplant patients from Asia, Europe and Canada. The study has an long term extension in Japan and approximately 28 patients were to be included to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of concentration-controlled everolimus regimen plus reduced tacrolimus compared to standard tacrolimus in recipients of living donor liver transplants in Japan who participated in the CRAD001H2307 study. Data reported here are the CRAD001H2307 core study results and its extension (CRAD001H2307E1).

Enrollment

285 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Written informed consent
  • Subject aged ≥18 years of a primary, orthotopic liver allograft, from a living donor
  • Subject negative for HIV

Incusion criteria at Randomization:

- Subject was initated on tacrolimus-based immunosuppressive regimen with steroids and other immunosuppression

Exclusion criteria

  • Subjects transplanted for acute liver failure
  • HCV negativesubjects receiving a transplant from HCV positive donor
  • Subjects receiving multiple solid organ (including multiple liver lobes/segments) or islet cell tissue transplants, or have previously received an organ or tissue transplant.
  • Subjects receiving an ABO incompatible allograft.
  • MELD-score > 35 within 1 month prior to transplantation.
  • Use of immunosuppressive or antibody induction agents not specified in the protocol.
  • History of malignancy of any organ system (except hepatocellular carcinoma or localized basal cell carcinoma of the skin)
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma with extrahepatic spread or macrovascular invasion
  • Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test.
  • Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception during dosing and for 2 weeks after the last dose of study medication
  • History of hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or to drugs with similar chemical class, or to any of the excipients

Exclusion criteria at Randomization:

  • Any post-transplant history of thrombosis, occlusion or stent placement in any major hepatic arteries, hepatic veins, portal vein or inferior vena cava at any time during the run-in period prior to randomization.
  • Subjects with a confirmed spot urine protein/creatinine ratio that indicates ≥ 1.0 g/24 hrs of proteinuria
  • Subjects who have severe hypercholesterolemia (>350 mg/dL; >9.1 mmol/L) or hypertriglyceridemia (>500 mg/dL; >5.6 mmol/L) at randomization.
  • Subjects with platelet count < 30,000/mm3.
  • Subjects with an absolute neutrophil count of < 1,000/mm³ or white blood cell count of < 2,000/mm³.
  • Subjects with systemic infection requiring active use of IV antibiotics.
  • Subjects requiring life support measures such as ventilation, dialysis, vasopressor agents.
  • Subjects who require renal replacement therapy within 7 days prior to randomization.
  • Subjects with detectable HBV DNA at time of randomization

Subjects meeting the following criteria for acute rejection during the run in period:

  • Any acute rejection in the week prior to randomization.
  • 2 treated acute rejections.
  • Any rejection requiring antibody treatment.
  • Any severe cellular (and/or any humoral) rejection.

Long term extension for patients in Japan:

Inclusion criteria

  • Written informed consent must be obtained before any extension specific assessment is performed.
  • Ability and willingness to adhere to study regimen.
  • Completed Month 24 visit of core study and continuously being treated with assigned regimen.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Use of medication that is prohibited by the study protocol at Month 24.
  • Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test.
  • History of hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or to drugs with similar chemical class, or to any of the excipients

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

285 participants in 2 patient groups

Everolimus + reduced tacrolimus
Experimental group
Description:
Everolimus + reduced tacrolimus ± corticosteroids
Treatment:
Drug: Everolimus + reduced tacrolimus
Standard tacrolimus
Active Comparator group
Description:
Standard tacrolimus ± corticosteroids
Treatment:
Drug: Standard tacrolimus

Trial contacts and locations

42

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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