Efficacy and Safety of Glucocorticosteroid Treatment in the Patients With Chronic Recurrent DILI

B

Beijing 302 Hospital

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2
Phase 1

Conditions

Drug-induced Liver Injury,Chronic

Treatments

Drug: Methylprednisolone
Drug: Standard Treatment

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02651350
BJ302-FGRXGB-001

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study is to observe the efficacy and safety of glucocorticosteroid treatment in the patients with chronic recurrent drug-induced liver injury (DILI).

Full description

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) refers to liver diseases caused by drugs and toxic substances. DILI is a clinical event that can be associated with severe outcomes such as acute liver failure. Up to now, approximately 1000 drugs, herbal products, vitamins and illicit compounds are associated with liver injury. Recently, the incidence of DILI is rising. In our hospital, hospitalized patients with DILI was increased from 1.39% in 2002 to 2.31% in 2006, and further up to 3.17% in 2011, which indicated 2.3-folds increase over last ten years.15% to 20% patients with acute DILI are prone to chronic liver disease. For patients with chronic recurrent DILI, routine liver protective treatment was difficult to rescue abnormal liver functions. Moreover, increasing health care costs seriously affect the patient's quality of life. Glucocorticosteroids can inhibit the non-specific inflammation and permeability of the capillary bile duct, limit the activation of T lymphocytes, and selectively inhibit B lymphocytes to produce antibodies, thus preventing or delaying the immune-induced liver injury. Glucocorticoid treatment of severe DILI has accepted some recognition, but the effect of repeated episodes of chronic DILI, due to a lack of randomized controlled studies, is still unclear. Therefore, we shall design two groups on the basis of the ratio of 1:1, namely, glucocorticoid treatment group and standard treatment alone group. Participants in glucocorticoid treatment group will receive methylprednisolone,48mg/d for the 1st week, 32mg/d for the 2nd week, 24mg/d for the next two weeks, followed by 16mg/d for 32 weeks and reduction in doses of methylprednisolone by 4 mg per 4 weeks until drug withdrawal. Participants in glucocorticoid treatment group also receive standard treatment including reduced glutathione, glycyrrhizin, ademetionine, alprostadil,or ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in the first 12 weeks. Participants in standard treatment group will only receive treatment by routine liver protection drugs including reduced glutathione, glycyrrhizin, ademetionine, alprostadil, or ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in the first 12 weeks.The efficacy and safety of glucocorticoid treatment in the patients with chronic recurrent DILI will be observed during the treatment and follow-up period.

Enrollment

80 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Meet with ACG clinic guidelines for diagnostic criteria of chronic DILI;

  2. Meet any of the following conditions:

    • serum AST or ALT ≥ 10 fold ULN;
    • serum AST or ALT ≥ 5 fold ULN and TBIL ≥ 2 fold ULN;
    • liver histology indicates bridging necrosis or multiacinar necrosis or moderate or more inflammation or inflammation G3 or more;
  3. Women of childbearing age had a negative urine pregnancy test, and the subjects are willing to have no family planning during the study and to take effective measures;

  4. Voluntary participation, understanding and signing of informed consent, comply with the requirements of the research;

Exclusion criteria

  1. Patients with serious pre-existent comorbid conditions (vertebral compression fractures,psychosis,active peptic ulcer, brittle diabetes,uncontrolled hypertension;
  2. Patients with intolerances to prednisone;
  3. Patients with severe infection receiving antibiotics, anti-fungal,anti-viral therapy;
  4. Viral hepatitis,alcoholic or non-alcoholic liver disease,Wilson's disease or other inherited metabolic liver diseases.
  5. Pregnancy or desire of pregnancy;
  6. Breast-feeding;
  7. Liver cancer or other malignant tumor;

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

80 participants in 2 patient groups

Methylprednisolone
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive methylprednisolone from week 0 through week 48 study visit in combination with standard treatment including reduced glutathione, glycyrrhizin, ademetionine, alprostadil,or ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in the first 12 weeks. Participants will then be followed until week 72 study visit.
Treatment:
Drug: Standard Treatment
Drug: Methylprednisolone
Standard Treatment
Active Comparator group
Description:
Participants will only receive standard treatment (namely,routine liver protection drugs) including reduced glutathione, glycyrrhizin, ademetionine, alprostadil,or ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) from week 0 through week 12 study visit. Participants will then be followed until week 72 study visit.
Treatment:
Drug: Standard Treatment

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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