Efficacy and Safety of Hydrogen Inhalation on Bronchiectasis: A Randomized, Multi-center, Double-blind Study (HYBRID)

G

Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Bronchiectasis
Oxidative Stress
Acute Exacerbation of Bronchiectasis

Treatments

Device: Medical molecular mesh oxygen generator
Device: medical ultrasonic hydrogen/oxygen nebulizer (MUNHO)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02765295
GWJ-2015-H2

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group trial. After a 2-week run-in period, eligible patients will be, based on the randomization codes kept in sealed envelopes, randomly assigned to receive usual care (mucolytics and/or chest physiotherapy) plus oxygen inahaltion (1 hr daily for 12 consecutive months) or hydrogen inhalation (1 hr daily for 12 consecutive months) provided by the sponsor. At 3 months after the end-of-treatment, a follow-up visit will be scheduled for all patients.

Full description

This is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group trial. After 2-week run-in period, eligible patients will be, based on the randomization codes kept in sealed envelopes, randomly assigned to two groups.On the basis of usual care [ambroxool (30mg thrice daily), or N-acetylcysteine (0.2g thrice daily)/ serrapeptase (10mg thrice daily), or carbocisteine (500mg thrice daily) and/or chest physiotherapy (10 min, twice daily)], patients were randomized to receive either hydrogen (66.7%, 3L/min, 1 hr twice daily) inhalation or oxygen inhalation (3L/min, 1 hr twice daily) via nasal canula for 12 months. A follow-up visit at month 3 following end-of-treatment was also scheduled. The primary endpoint was the annual frequency of bronchiectasis exacerbations. Hospital visits were scheduled at baseline and months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15, respectively. At 3 months after the end-of-treatment, a follow-up visit will be scheduled for all patients.

Enrollment

120 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Out-patients of either gender, ex- or never-smokers, aged between 18 and 75 years
  • Clinically stable bronchiectasis, defined as respiratory symptoms and lung function parameters not exceeding normal daily variations and no acute upper respiratory tract infections for 4 consecutive weeks
  • Patients with a history of 2 or more bronchiectasis exacerbations (BEs) within the previous 2 years

Exclusion criteria

  • Other unstable concomitant systemic illnesses (i.e. coronary heart disease, recent cerebral stroke, severe uncontrolled hypertension, active gastric or duodenal ulcer, uncontrolled diabetes, malignancy, hepatic or renal dysfunction)
  • Concomitant asthma, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, or active tuberculosis
  • Concomitant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as the predominant diagnosis
  • Treatment with inhaled, oral or systemic antibiotics within 4 weeks
  • Type 2 respiratory failure needing oxygen therapy or non-invasive mechanical ventilation
  • Females during lactation or pregnancy
  • Poor understanding or failure to properly operate the instrument
  • Participation in other clinical trials within 3 months.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

120 participants in 2 patient groups

hydrogen inhalation
Active Comparator group
Description:
The medical ultrasonic nebulizers with hydrogen/oxygen generating function (MUNHO) will be provided exclusively by the sponsor, Asclepius Meditec Inc (Shanghai, China). The MUNHO consists of a electrolytic tank which, by using direct current converted from alternating current (220 V), generates the hydrogen and oxygen gas from pure water (2:1 in volume). The MUNHO is also capable of nebulizing the water via ultrasounds with the hydrogen-oxygen mixture gas which is finally delivered to the patient's airways via the facial mask through a plastic tube. Typically, the volume of hydrogen-oxygen mixed gas is 3 liters per minute (3 L/min). Usual care referred to mucolytics (see below for details) alone or plus chest physiotherapy.
Treatment:
Device: medical ultrasonic hydrogen/oxygen nebulizer (MUNHO)
oxygen inhalation
Sham Comparator group
Description:
Oxygen will be generated by an instrument provided by the sponsor, that would be capable of generating oxygen equivalent to that generated by the MUNHO (3L/min mixed gas containing 33.3% oxygen). Usual care referred to mucolytics [[ambroxool (30mg thrice daily), or N-acetylcysteine (0.2g thrice daily)/ serrapeptase (10mg thrice daily), or carbocisteine (500mg thrice daily)] alone or in combination with chest physiotherapy.
Treatment:
Device: Medical molecular mesh oxygen generator

Trial contacts and locations

5

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Central trial contact

Wei-jie Guan, PhD; Nan-shan Zhong, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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