Efficacy and Safety of Lenvatinib (E7080/MK-7902) Plus Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Chemotherapy in Participants With Advanced/Metastatic Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma (MK-7902-015/E7080-G000-321/LEAP-015)

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) logo

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD)

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3

Conditions

Advanced/Metastatic Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma

Treatments

Drug: Oxaliplatin
Biological: Lenvatinib
Drug: 5-FU
Drug: Leucovorin (or Levoleucovorin)
Drug: Capecitabine
Biological: Pembrolizumab

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT04662710
jRCT2051200127 (Registry Identifier)
7902-015
2020-001990-53 (EudraCT Number)
MK-7902-015 (Other Identifier)
E7080-G000-321 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of lenvatinib (E7080/MK-7902) plus pembrolizumab (MK-3475) plus chemotherapy compared with chemotherapy alone in participants with advanced/metastatic gastroesophageal cancer. The primary study hypotheses are that lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy is superior to chemotherapy alone for both overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR), in participants with programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) Combined Positive Score (CPS) ≥1 and in all participants.

Full description

There will be 2 parts to the study: a Safety Run-in (Part 1) and the Main Study (Part 2). In Part 1 (Safety Run-in), approximately 12 participants will be treated with lenvatinib in combination with pembrolizumab and chemotherapy with either capecitabine and oxaliplatin (CAPOX), or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), Leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (mFOLFOX6). Participants will be closely followed for dose-limiting toxicities for 21 days after the first dose of study intervention. In Part 2, up to 878 eligible participants (not including those participating in Part 1) will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to either lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy (CAPOX or mFOLFOX6) or Chemotherapy alone (CAPOX or mFOLFOX6). Participants can receive up to 18 infusions (up to 2 years) of pembrolizumab in the first course. Participants may be eligible to receive a second course of pembrolizumab (approximately 1 year) at the investigator's discretion.

Enrollment

890 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

* Has histologically and/or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of previously untreated, locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma * Is not expected to require tumor resection during the treatment course * Has gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma that is not HER-2/neu positive * Has measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1 by scan with IV contrast as determined by the local site investigator * Male participants agree to refrain from donating sperm and agree to either remain abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle OR agree to use contraception, during the intervention period and for ≥7 days after last dose of lenvatinib or 90 days after last dose of chemotherapy-whichever comes last * Female participants not pregnant or breastfeeding are eligible to participate if not a women of childbearing potential (WOCBP), or if a WOCBP they either use a contraceptive method that is highly effective OR remain abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle, and do not donate eggs (ova, oocytes) to others or freeze/store for their own use, and abstain from breastfeeding during the intervention period through 120 days after last dose of pembrolizumab, 30 days after last dose of lenvatinib, or 180 days after last dose of chemotherapy-whichever occurs last * Has a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Scale within 3 days prior to the first dose of study treatment * Has adequately controlled blood pressure with or without antihypertensive medications * Has adequate organ function

Exclusion criteria

* Has had previous therapy for locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric/gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) esophageal adenocarcinoma * Has had major surgery within 28 days prior to first dose of study interventions * Has had radiotherapy within 14 days of randomization * Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 5 years * Has known CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis * Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to treatment with an monoclonal antibody (mAb) or known sensitivity or intolerance to any component of lenvatinib, pembrolizumab, study chemotherapy agents and/or to any excipients, murine proteins, or platinum containing products * Has had an allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant * Has perforation risks or significant gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding * Has GI obstruction, poor oral intake (CAPOX participants), or difficulty in taking oral medication (CAPOX participants) * Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or coinhibitory T-cell receptor * Has received prior therapy with anti- vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) tyrosine kinase inhibitor or anti-VEGF mAb * Has received a live or live-attenuated vaccine within 30 days before the first dose of study drug * Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs) * Has radiographic evidence of encasement or invasion of a major blood vessel, or of intratumoral cavitation * Has inadequate cardiac function * Has a history of (noninfectious) pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease that required steroids or has current pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease * Has poorly controlled diarrhea * Has accumulation of pleural, ascitic, or pericardial fluid requiring drainage or diuretic drugs within 2 weeks prior to enrollment. * Has peripheral neuropathy ≥Grade 2 * Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or HIV 1/2 antibodies * Has a known history of hepatitis B (defined as HBsAg reactive) or known active hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA \[qualitative\] is detected) infection * Has weight loss of \>20% within the last 3 months

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

890 participants in 2 patient groups

Lenvatinib + Pembrolizumab + Chemotherapy
Experimental group
Description:
Participants receive lenvatinib administered orally (PO) every day (QD) in combination with pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) every 6 weeks (Q6W) plus chemotherapy with either capecitabine and oxaliplatin (CAPOX) or chemotherapy with 5-FU, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (mFOLFOX6). Induction with lenvatinib 8 mg QD plus pembrolizumab (400 mg Q6W) plus chemotherapy (CAPOX or mFOLFOX6) will be administered for 2 cycles (approximately 12 weeks), followed by consolidation with lenvatinib 20 mg QD plus pembrolizumab (400 mg Q6W) for 16 cycles. A cycle is 6 weeks (42 days).
Treatment:
Drug: Capecitabine
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Drug: Leucovorin (or Levoleucovorin)
Drug: 5-FU
Drug: Oxaliplatin
Biological: Lenvatinib
Chemotherapy
Experimental group
Description:
Participants receive chemotherapy with either CAPOX Q3W or mFOLFOX6 Q2W. A cycle is 6 weeks (42 days).
Treatment:
Drug: Capecitabine
Drug: Leucovorin (or Levoleucovorin)
Drug: 5-FU
Drug: Oxaliplatin

Trial contacts and locations

177

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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