Efficacy and Safety of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Lenvatinib (E7080/MK-7902) in Previously Treated Participants With Select Solid Tumors (MK-7902-005/E7080-G000-224/LEAP-005)

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) logo

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD)

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 2


Gastric Cancer
Advanced Solid Tumors
Ovarian Cancer
Triple Negative Breast Cancer
Biliary Tract Cancers
Pancreatic Cancer
Colorectal Cancer


Biological: Pembrolizumab
Drug: Lenvatinib

Study type


Funder types



2018-003747-37 (EudraCT Number)
E7080-G000-224 (Other Identifier)
MK-7902-005 (Other Identifier)
LEAP-005 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of combination therapy with pembrolizumab (MK-3475) and lenvatinib (E7080/MK-7902) in participants with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), ovarian cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer (CRC), glioblastoma (GBM), biliary tract cancers (BTC), or pancreatic cancer.


590 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

* Has a histologically or cytologically-documented, advanced (metastatic and/or unresectable) solid tumor that is incurable and for which prior standard systemic therapy has failed in one of the following cohorts: TNBC, Ovarian Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, GBM, BTC (intrahepatic, extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and gall bladder cancer; excludes Ampulla of Vater), Pancreatic Cancer * Must have progressed on or since the last treatment * Has measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 (RANO for the GBM cohort) as assessed by the local site investigator/radiology and confirmed by BICR * Has provided a PD-L1 evaluable archival tumor tissue sample or newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated * Male participants agree to use approved contraception during the treatment period for at least 7 days after the last dose of lenvatinib, or refrain from heterosexual intercourse during this period * Female participants are not pregnant or breastfeeding, and are not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP), OR are a WOCBP that agrees to use contraception during the treatment period (or 14 days prior to the initiation of study treatment for oral contraception) and for at least 120 days post pembrolizumab, or 30 days post lenvatinib, whichever occurs last * Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1 within 3 days of study treatment initiation * Has adequate organ function For Triple Negative Breast Cancer Participants: * Has received one or 2 prior lines of therapy * Has Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) \<2.0 x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) * Has locally determined results for estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 tumor analyses For Ovarian Cancer Participants: - Has primary ovarian cancer and has received 3 prior lines of therapy. For Gastric Cancer Participants: - Has received 2 prior lines of therapy. Note: Gastric cancer will include participants with both gastric and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma. Participants with squamous cell carcinoma histology are not eligible For Colorectal Cancer Participants: - Has received 2 prior lines of therapy For GBM Participants: * Has failed initial systemic therapy for newly diagnosed GBM * Have the following time periods elapsed before the projected start of scheduled study treatment: 1) at least 3 weeks from prior surgical resection, 2) at least 1 week from stereotactic biopsy, 3) at least 6 months from completion of prior radiotherapy, 4) at least 4 weeks (or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter) from any investigational agent, 5) at least 4 weeks from cytotoxic therapy, 6) at least 6 weeks from antibodies, 7) at least 4 weeks (or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter) from other antitumor therapies and 1 week for cancer vaccines * Be neurologically stable (e.g. without a progression of neurologic symptoms or requiring escalating doses of systemic steroid therapy within last 2 weeks) and clinically stable * Has histologically confirmed World Health Organization (WHO) Grade IV GBM * Has locally determined result for O\^6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) analysis For Biliary Tract Cancer Participants: * Has received 1 prior line of therapy * Child-Pugh Score, Class A: well-compensated disease. Child-Pugh Score of 5-6 For Pancreatic Cancer Participants: * Has pathologically (histologically or cytologically) confirmed pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma that is metastatic at enrollment * Has received one or 2 prior lines of therapy * Has received prior therapy with at least 1 (platinum-containing regimen or gemcitabine-containing regimen) but no more than 2 prior systemic therapies for unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer

Exclusion criteria

* Has gastrointestinal malabsorption or any other condition that might affect the absorption of lenvatinib * Has present or progressive accumulation of pleural, ascitic, or pericardial fluid requiring drainage or diuretic drugs within 2 weeks prior to enrollment (applies to all cohorts except the ovarian cancer cohort) * Has radiographic evidence of encasement or invasion of a major blood vessel or of intratumoral cavitation. Participants with portal vein invasion (Vp4), inferior vena cava, or cardiac involvement based on imaging in the BTC cohort are not eligible for enrollment * Has clinical significant hemoptysis or tumor bleeding within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment * Has significant cardiovascular impairment within 12 months of the first dose of study treatment, such as history of congestive heart failure greater than New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II, unstable angina, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or cardiac arrhythmia associated with hemodynamic instability * Has a history of arterial thromboembolism within 12 months of start of study treatment * Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 3 years. * Has a serious nonhealing wound, ulcer or bone fracture * Has had major surgery within 3 weeks prior to first dose of study interventions * Has biologic response modifiers therapy (e.g. granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) within 4 weeks before study entry * Has preexisting ≥Grade 3 gastrointestinal (GI) or non-gastrointestinal fistula * Has received prior therapy with lenvatinib, an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g. cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 \[CTLA-4\], Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 4 \[OX 40\], tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 9 \[CD137\]) * Has received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including investigational agents within 4 weeks prior to study treatment start * If participant received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting study treatment * Has received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study treatment. Participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities, not require corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis. A 1-week washout is permitted for palliative radiation (≤2 weeks of radiotherapy) to non-central nervous system (CNS) disease * Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study treatment * Has known intolerance to lenvatinib (and/or any of the excipients) * Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment * Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior the first dose of study treatment * Has known active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis * Has tumors involving the brain stem * Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients * Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years * Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis * Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy * Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection * Has a known history of hepatitis B or known active hepatitis C virus infection * Has a known history of active tuberculosis (TB; Bacillus tuberculosis) * Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study treatment * Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant (large organ transplants, stem-cell transplant requiring chronic immunosuppressant therapy necessary to prevent graft rejection) For GBM Participants: * Has carcinomatous meningitis * Has recurrent tumor greater than 6 cm in maximum diameter * Has tumor primarily localized to the brainstem or spinal cord * Has presence of multifocal tumor, diffuse leptomeningeal or extracranial disease * Has evidence of intratumoral or peritumoral hemorrhage on baseline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan other than those that are grade ≤ 1 and either post-operative or stable on at least 2 consecutive MRI scans * Has received Optune® TTFields within 2 weeks of study intervention

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

590 participants in 2 patient groups

Pembrolizumab + Lenvatinib (Arm 1)
Experimental group
Participants receive pembrolizumab 200 mg via intravenous (IV) infusion on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle (Q3W) plus lenvatinib 20 mg via oral capsule once a day (QD). Pembrolizumab will be administered for up to 35 cycles (up to 2 years). Lenvatinib will be administered until progressive disease or unacceptable toxicity (up to at least 2 years).
Drug: Lenvatinib
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Lenvatinib Monotherapy (Arm 2)
Experimental group
Participants receive lenvatinib 24 mg via oral capsule QD, to be administered until progressive disease or unacceptable toxicity (up to at least 2 years).
Drug: Lenvatinib

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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