Efficacy and Safety of Soliqua Versus Lantus in Ethnically/Racially Diverse Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Inadequately Controlled on Basal Insulin and Oral Antidiabetic Agents (LixiLan-D)

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Sanofi

Status and phase

Terminated
Phase 3

Conditions

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Treatments

Drug: Background therapy
Drug: Insulin glargine/Lixisenatide
Drug: Insulin glargine (HOE901)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT03434119
U1111-1200-1891 (Other Identifier)
LPS14860

Details and patient eligibility

About

Primary Objective: To demonstrate the superiority of Soliqua 100/33 versus Lantus in the hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) change within the overall population. To demonstrate the benefit of Soliqua 100/33 versus Lantus in the HbA1c within each ethnic/racial subgroup evaluated (ie, Hispanics of any race, non-Hispanic black/African Americans and non-Hispanic Asians). Secondary Objective: To assess the effects of Soliqua 100/33 versus Lantus on the secondary efficacy parameters within each ethnic/racial subgroup evaluated. To assess the change in daily insulin glargine dose within each ethnic/racial subgroup. To evaluate the safety and tolerability (e.g., gastrointestinal tolerability) of Soliqua 100/33 versus Lantus within each ethnic/racial subgroup.

Full description

The study duration was approximately 29 weeks including 2 weeks screening period, 26 weeks open label treatment period, and a 3 days follow-up period.

Enrollment

241 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria :

  • Participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) diagnosed at least 1 year prior to the screening visit (signing of informed consent).
  • Uncontrolled diabetes as demonstrated by a screening centrally measured hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) between 7.5% and 10% (inclusive).
  • Participants who were Hispanics of any race, non-Hispanic black/African Americans or non-Hispanic Asians. Note: Decision for ethnic/racial inclusion was made based on the participant's self-identification. Mixed-race participants must select 1 of the above-mentioned categories. If such selection could not be made, the candidate would be ineligible to participate in the study.
  • Participants who had been treated with any basal insulin (ie, glargine - U100 or U300, detemir, degludec, intermediate-acting [human Neutral Protamine Hagedorn (NPH]) for at least 6 months prior to Visit 1.
  • The basal insulin regimen (ie, type of insulin and time/frequency of the injection) had been stable for at least 3 months prior to Visit 1.

The basal insulin dose had been stable (defined as up to ±20% [1/5 of the dose] variability) for at least 2 months prior to Visit 1 within the following dose ranges:

  • 15 to 50 units/day if HbA1c at Visit 1 is less than or equal to (<=)8.5%, and
  • 15 to 40 units/day if HbA1c at Visit 1 is greater than (>)8.5%.
  • Participants receiving 1 or 2 of the following OAD drugs: metformin, pioglitazone/rosiglitazone, an sodium-glucose transport protein 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor or a sulfonylurea (SU), at stable doses for at least 12 weeks prior to Visit 1.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Age <18 years of age at Visit 1.
  • A body mass index (BMI) <=20 or >40 kg/m^2 at Visit 1.
  • Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) >200 mg/dL (by central lab measurement) at Visit 1 (1-time repeat measurement before Visit 2 is permitted).
  • Type 1 DM or any diabetes other than T2DM.
  • Any use of OAD drugs other than those described in the inclusion criteria (e.g., but not limited to, glucagon like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA), dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) inhibitors) within 12 weeks prior Visit 1.
  • Use of any other type of insulin except for basal insulin (e.g., prandial or premixed insulin, insulin pump) within 6 months prior to Visit 1. Note: History of short-term treatment (i.e, <=10 days) with other insulin types due to intercurrent illness was permitted at the discretion of the Investigator.
  • Known history of discontinuation of treatment with a GLP-1 RA due to safety/tolerability reasons.
  • Use of systemic glucocorticoids for a total duration of >7 days within 12 weeks prior to Visit 1.
  • Initiation/change in type or dose of a weight loss drug within 12 weeks prior to Visit 1.

The above information is not intended to contain all considerations relevant to a participants's potential participation in a clinical trial.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

241 participants in 2 patient groups

Soliqua 100/33
Experimental group
Description:
Soliqua 100/33 (Insulin glargine/lixisenatide) once daily in the morning within 1 hour before breakfast, on top of oral anti-diabetic drug (OAD) therapy for 26 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Insulin glargine/Lixisenatide
Drug: Background therapy
Lantus
Active Comparator group
Description:
Lantus (Insulin glargine) once daily at any time of the day but at about the same time every day on top of OAD therapy for 26 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Insulin glargine (HOE901)
Drug: Background therapy

Trial documents
2

Trial contacts and locations

85

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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