Efficacy and Safety Phase IIa Study of Myelo001 in Chemotherapy-Induced Neutropenia (MyeloConcept)


Myelo Therapeutics

Status and phase

Phase 2


Breast Cancer
Chemotherapy-Induced Neutropenia


Drug: Placebo
Drug: Myelo001

Study type


Funder types



2015-003610-25 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility


Neutropenia is the most serious hematologic toxicity of cancer chemotherapy, often limiting the doses and density of chemotherapy that can be tolerated. The degree and duration of neutropenia determine the risk of infection. Myelo001, a small orally bioavailable molecule, has been shown in chemotherapy- or radiotherapy-induced myelosuppression to stimulate differentiation of peripheral white blood cells (WBC) and bone marrow cells of the leucocytic, lymphocytic, and erythrocytic lineage. The purpose of the MyeloConcept study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of Myelo001 in preventing or reducing chemotherapy-induced neutropenia and myelosuppression in patients receiving chemotherapy due to breast cancer.

Full description

Phase IIa study, 1:1 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-design, multi-center study. Each breast cancer patient will be randomly assigned into one of two treatment arms receiving either Myelo001 or placebo as a tablet. Investigational medicinal product is taken as supportive care for 23 consecutive days during chemotherapy treatment. Hematologic and safety parameters as well as actual begin and doses of following chemotherapy cycles will be assessed. A single primary variable will be analyzed with test statistics based on frequent absolute neutrophil measurements. Additionally, in a subgroup of patients biomarkers and pharmacokinetics of Myelo001 will be investigated.


137 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Female patient of any racial origin having fulfilled her 18th birthday on Visit 1 (Screening)

  2. Histologically confirmed invasive breast cancer scheduled for neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy (patient with primary wound healing ([R0])

  3. Already selected for neoadjuvant or adjuvant standard of care EC regimen (Epirubicin 90 mg/m2 BSA (body surface area) + Cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 BSA q21d (every 21 days)) (with or without treatment with taxanes afterwards)

  4. Risk of chemotherapy-induced Febrile Neutropenia ≤20% according to ASCO Guidelines (2015)

  5. More than 5 days remaining before the planned initiation of the 1st chemotherapy cycle

  6. Performance status Grade 0-1 (ECOG)

  7. Echocardiography: No contraindication for the scheduled chemotherapy

  8. Haematologic, laboratory and chemistry thresholds at baseline:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥2,000 cells/ mm3 (≥2.0 x 10/L)
    • Platelet count ≥100,000/mm3 (≥100 x 10exp9/L)
    • Haemoglobin ≥10 g/dL
    • Total bilirubin <1.5 x, AST, ALT <2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Serum creatinine <2.0 mg/dL
  9. Able to read, understand and willing to sign the informed consent form

  10. Able to undergo the investigations and to follow the Visit schedule

Exclusion criteria

  1. Suspected allergy to Myelo001 or its excipients
  2. Prior chemotherapy
  3. Prior or concomitant treatment with radiotherapy
  4. Currently on or scheduled for other immunomodulatory or immunosuppressive therapies (e.g. TNF inhibitors) during the first chemotherapy cycle
  5. Currently on or scheduled for other immunostimulatory or hematopoietic active therapies (e.g.G-CSF, GM-CSF)
  6. Currently on or scheduled for primary prophylaxis with antibiotics in the first chemotherapy cycle
  7. History of bone marrow transplantation or stem cell transplant
  8. Administration of another investigational medicinal product / medical device within 30 days prior to screening. Participation in non-interventional, national or international cancer registries is allowed.
  9. Already confirmed HIV, hepatitis B or C virus (HBV or HCV) infection
  10. History of somatic disease/condition that may interfere with the objectives of the study
  11. Any other medical disease or clinical laboratory parameter outside the normal range and of clinical significance according to the investigator
  12. Serious uncontrolled comorbidities
  13. Pregnant or breast-feeding subject
  14. Woman considered to be of childbearing potential who do not use highly effective birth control methods during the study.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care



Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Quadruple Blind

137 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Experimental group
Myelo001 100 mg QD
Drug: Myelo001
Placebo Comparator group
Matching Placebo QD
Drug: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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