Efficacy of a Brief Behavioral Intervention to Treat ADHD and Disruptive Behaviors In Preschoolers

Baylor College of Medicine logo

Baylor College of Medicine




Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder


Behavioral: Delayed Treatment Group
Behavioral: Immediate Treatment Group

Study type


Funder types



H-31413 (Other Grant/Funding Number)

Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to test the intervention using a more rigorous randomized controlled trial design in order to demonstrate its efficacy compared to a wait-list control, thus ensuring that change in behavior does not occur due to the passage of time alone. Using this design will also allow us to improve upon our prior clinical research by facilitating obtainment of post-treatment and follow-up data (as families in the clinical-only service stop attending treatment when behavior improves, and have often not followed-up for booster sessions or measure completion).

Full description

This pilot study will employ a randomized controlled clinical trial design comparing symptoms of children who complete the Brief Behavioral Intervention to a wait-list control. Children in the wait-list control will be waitlisted for four months prior to initiation of treatment, which is a typical wait for clinical care. Treatment will then be offered to the children on the wait-list. All parts of the intervention and all measures of behavior and family functioning are part of standard clinical care. The parts of this protocol that are not standard clinical care are the following: 1. Randomization process with half of the patients on a waitlist for four months. Randomization will be block randomization stratified by gender. 2. Booster sessions for problem solving at three months and six months after last treatment session. In standard clinical care this occurs only if the patient calls and requests. 3. Collection of behavior and family functioning measures at three months and six months after the active treatment component.


29 patients




2 to 5 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age 2-5 years
  • Subject diagnosed with a Disruptive Behavior Disorder
  • Subject who has an English-speaking parent willing to take part in intervention.
  • Subject must meet criteria for a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) Disruptive Behavior Disorder (ADHD and/or ODD) based upon history, clinical interview, and clinically significant cut-off scores on parent rating forms. Parent and teacher of each child will also be involved.

Exclusion criteria

  • Parents who are not fluent in English
  • Subjects with a diagnosed anxiety disorder, pervasive developmental disorder, intellectual disability, adjustment disorder, mood disorder or language disorder will also be excluded and referred for more appropriate services.
  • Children with less severe behavior problems will not be included in the study but will be referred for more appropriate services.
  • Patients taking medication to treat behavior and patients who have previously received treatment will be excluded from the study.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

29 participants in 2 patient groups

Immediate Treatment Group
Experimental group
The immediate treatment group will fill out the questions at the initial appointment and again after five treatment appointments. They will fill the questions out again at the first follow-up treatment appointment (approximately 4-5 months from the initial appointment), and then at the next (and last) follow-up appointment (approximately 7-8 months). The participants teacher will also be asked to fill out sets of questions.
Behavioral: Immediate Treatment Group
Delayed Treatment Group
Active Comparator group
The wait list group will fill out the sets of questions again in 1-2 months. The question sets will then be completed again before beginning treatment four months from the initial completion and then again after five treatment appointments. The question sets will then be completed again at the first follow-up treatment appointment (approximately 8-9 months from the initial appointment) and at the next (and last) follow-up appointment (in about 11-12 months from the initial appointment).
Behavioral: Delayed Treatment Group

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems