Efficacy of an Advanced Care Planning Program in Advanced Heart FAilure (EACPAHFA)

H

Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Heart Failure

Treatments

Behavioral: Advanced Care Planning program of health decisions

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04424680
HUFAlcoron

Details and patient eligibility

About

An "Advanced Planning Program of Health Decisions" (APPHD) is a process of reflection and relationship between the patient, their relatives and health professionals. It is based on respect for patient's autonomy, to engage patients in making decisions about their disease so that the process is shared between the medical team, the patient and their relatives. Until now, it has not been measured whether the APPHD is effective and, therefore, really fulfills its purpose

Full description

BACKGROUND: An Advanced Care Planning (ACP) program of health decisions is the result of a process of reflection and relationship-building between the patient, their relatives and health professionals. It is based on respect for patients' autonomy, involving them in making decisions about their disease in a way that is shared between the medical team, the patient and their relatives. Up until now, the efficacy of an ACP has not been measured in the existing literature, and therefore it is unknown if these programs reach their goal. OBJETIVES: The main objective of our study is to evaluate the efficacy of an ACP program for decision-making in patients with advanced heart failure (HF) in comparison to usual follow up and care. This objective will be evaluated by the Patient Activation Measure test, which measures the participation and self-management of the patient in decision-making. Secondary objectives: to evaluate the effect of the program on quality of life, to know if the patients wishes expressed through the ACP program are fulfilled, to measure the impact of the program on patients' caregivers, to determine the satisfaction of patients included in the program and to evaluate the effect on quality of death. METHODS: randomized multicentre clinical trial at four hospitals in Madrid. Once they are included in the study, patients' allocation to groups (control vs intervention) will be made by alternative sampling. ACP will be applied to the intervention group, whereas in the Control Group usual follow-up will be carried out in HF units. All patients will fulfil questionnaires and tests related to the objectives of the study again after a 12-month follow-up period in order to gauge the effect of ACP in patients with advanced HF.

Enrollment

140 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients with HF defined by Framingham diagnostic criteria.
  • Stage C or D of the ACCF / AHA classification.
  • Full capacity to decide.
  • Signing of informed consent.

Exclusion criteria

  • Cognitive impairment, measured by Mini-Mental Status Examination (< 27).
  • Presence of another disease other than HF that may severely affect the quality of life: stroke with significant residual deficit, end-stage renal failure, Child C cirrhosis, extreme obesity, haemoglobin <8 g / dl, advanced peripheral artery disease (stage III-IV), severe thyroid or adrenal disease, neoplastic with estimated survival of less than 2 years.
  • Patients who do not sign the informed consent.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Other

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

140 participants in 2 patient groups

Control
No Intervention group
Description:
Patients will be followed in heart failure outpatients units according to the usual established protocol. In the first visit, patients from both control and intervention groups will complete the questionnaires with the help of researchers. After one year of follow-up, the questionnaires will be submitted again to all patients and three new questionnaires will be proposed. Treatment for heart failure will be the same in both groups.
Intervention
Experimental group
Description:
Patients will participate in the Advanced Care Planning Program. In the first visit, patients from both control and intervention groups will complete the questionnaires with the help of researchers. After one year of follow-up, the questionnaires will be submitted again to all patients and three new questionnaires will be proposed. Treatment for heart failure will be the same in both groups.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Advanced Care Planning program of health decisions

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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