Efficacy Of Doxophylline As A Sparing Treatment For Inhaled Corticosteroids In Mexican Children With Asthma


Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon

Status and phase

Phase 3


Asthma in Children
Asthma Chronic


Drug: Doxophylline
Drug: Budesonide

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


This study evaluated the efficacy of doxophylline as a steroid sparing treatment in Mexican children with asthma treated with medium ir high doses of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). It is a cross over study in which both groups of patients will receive doxophylline plus a lower steroid dose maintaining the same treatment step according to GINA guidelines, one group will maintain the same treatment dose while the other will start with doxophylline with the lower ICS dose, and by the middle of the study both groups will interchange treatment schemes.

Full description

Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are first-line drugs for the treatment of persistent asthma. The effectiveness of existing ICS is excellent; however, a number of questions remain regarding its possible adverse effects, despite the fact that the use of the inhalation route has allowed the minimization of the systemic exposure to these drugs. Methylxanthines are widely used in the treatment of asthma. It is one of the few medications for asthma that can be administered orally. They are useful especially in patients who cannot adapt to inhaled medications. Methylxanthines are unique in exhibiting dual-function properties by inducing bronchodilation and having anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects. Theophylline is the oldest methylxanthine and non-specifically inhibits phosphodiesterase, it is a little used drug because it has many adverse effects with lower therapeutic index. Doxophylline is a drug of the family of methylxanthines, with a similar efficacy compared to theophylline when applied in the treatment of various respiratory diseases, but with better tolerability profile. Doxophylline has been shown to be a bronchodilator and anti-inflammatory drug with a wider therapeutic window than other methylxanthines. Clinical studies have reported that doxophylline is more effective in improving lung function tests in adults and children, as well as in decreasing clinical symptoms, reducing the incidence of adverse effects and the need of emergency bronchodilators, with a better profile in terms of safety and it has been demonstrated that doxophylline potentially reduces the need for corticosteroids.


60 estimated patients




6 to 16 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Mexican patients between 6 and 16 years old.
  • Clinical diagnosis of asthma according to the current guidelines of the Global Asthma Initiative (GINA) 2018.
  • Patients with asthma treated with budesonide at medium or high doses during (GINA guidelines´ steps 3 or 4) at least two months before the first study visit. Budesonide medium dose: 200-400 mcg / day (6-11 years) and 400-800 mcg / day (> 12 years). Budesonide high dose: > 400 mcg / day (6-11 years) and > 800 mcg / day (> 12 years).

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients <6 or ≥16 years of age.
  • Patients with <16 kg of body weight.
  • Patients who have had an asthma exacerbation that required treatment with systemic corticosteroids (oral, intramuscular or intravenous) during the 2 months prior to the first study visit.
  • Patients who have presented an asthma exacerbation that required hospitalization during the 2 months prior to the first study visit.
  • Any other chronic lung disease that could impair lung function evaluation.
  • Cardiovascular, infectious, metabolic or neoplastic disease that could interfere with the evaluation of the patient.
  • Current use of drugs that interact with doxophylline: other xanthines, ephedrine or other sympathomimetics, erythromycin, troleandomycin, lincomycin, clindamycin, allopurinol, cimetidine, two months prior vaccination, propranolol, phenytoin or other anticonvulsants.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Crossover Assignment


None (Open label)

60 participants in 2 patient groups

Budesonide and Doxophylline
Experimental group
Budesonide at the same dose in which the subject is currently treated (GINA step 3 or 4) plus doxophylline at a dose of 18 mg / kg per day
Drug: Budesonide
Drug: Doxophylline
Low budesonide and Doxophylline
Active Comparator group
Reduced dose of inhaled budesonide (GINA step down) plus doxophylline to a dose of 18 mg / kg per day, maximum of 800 mg / day (Group B)
Drug: Budesonide
Drug: Doxophylline

Trial documents

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Carlos Macouzet-Sánchez, Dr.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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