Efficacy of High-dose Dual Therapy vs Bismuth-containing Quadruple Therapy for First-line Treatment of Hp Infection

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National Taiwan University

Status and phase

Phase 4


Helicobacter Pylori Infection


Drug: Bismuth-containing quadruple therapy (rabeprazole, tripotassium dicitrate bismuthate, metronidazole, tetracycline)
Drug: High-dose dual therapy (rabeprazole, amoxicillin)

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Up to now, there is few randomized, large scale study prospectively and simultaneously comparing the efficacy, adverse effects and patient adherence of high-dose dual therapy (HDDT) and bismuth-containing quadruple therapy (BQT) as 1st-line regimens for H. pylori eradication. The aims of this study are: to compare the efficacy of HDDT, and BQT as 1st-line regimen in H. pylori eradication; to compare the patient adherence and adverse effects of these treatment regimens; to investigate factors that may influence H. pylori eradication by these treatment regimens.

Full description

Participants, aged ≥ 20, having H. pylori-positive chronic gastritis with/without peptic ulcers (duodenal or gastric ulcers) will be recruited. All undergo endoscopy with biopsy for rapid urease teat, histology, and bacterial culture before treatment. Four to eight weeks after termination of treatment, H. pylori infection status will be examined by the 13C-urea breath test. The CYP2C19 genotype of each participant will be analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymerase (PCR-RFLP) method. A computed generated random numbers sequence will be blocked into two subgroups, say A, and B. If the participants did not receive anti-H. pylori therapy previously, they will be invited to enter this study for evaluated the efficacy of these 1st-line regimens. Participant who meet the inclusion criteria and do not have any one of the exclusion criteria will be randomized to receive one of the following regimens: group A- HDDT (rabeprazole 20 mg qid + amoxicillin 750 mg qid for 14 days); group B- BQT ( rabeprazole 20 mg qid + tripotassium dicitrate bismuthate 300 mg qid + metronidazole 250 mg qid + tetracycline 500 mg qid for 10 days); All participants will be asked to complete a questionnaire and to record symptoms and drug consumption daily during the treatment period. Post-treatment, the participants will be followed up at the Outpatients Clinic to investigate patient adherence and adverse effect of treatment.


589 patients




20+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Participants having H. pylori related chronic gastritis with/without peptic ulcers who are aged greater than 20 years old and are willing to received eradication therapy.

Exclusion criteria

  • pregnant or nursing woman
  • serious concomitant illness and malignant tumor of any kind
  • history of hypersensitivity to test drugs
  • serious bleeding during the course of the ulcer
  • previous gastric surgery
  • receiving bismuth salts, PPIs, or antibiotics in the previous month.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

589 participants in 2 patient groups

High-dose dual therapy
Experimental group
group A-high-dose dual therapy ( rabeprazole 20 mg, tablet, qid + amoxicillin 750 mg, capsule, qid for 14 days)
Drug: High-dose dual therapy (rabeprazole, amoxicillin)
Bismuth-containing quadruple therapy
Active Comparator group
group B-bismuth-containing quadruple therapy (rabeprazole 20 mg, tablet, bid + tripotassium dicitrate bismuthate 300 mg, tablet, qid + metronidazole 250 mg, tablet, qid + tetracycline 500 mg qid, capsule, for 10 days)
Drug: Bismuth-containing quadruple therapy (rabeprazole, tripotassium dicitrate bismuthate, metronidazole, tetracycline)

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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