Efficacy of PRP With Er-YAG Laser Versus With Microneedling in Localized Stable Vitiligo

S

South Valley University

Status

Not yet enrolling

Conditions

Localized Vitiligo

Treatments

Device: fractional Erbium-YAG laser
Device: microneedling

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05511493
PRP in vitiligo

Details and patient eligibility

About

The aims of this study are to:- Compare the effect of fractional Erbium: YAG laser assisted delivery of platelet- rich plasma versus microneedling with platelet-rich plasma in the induction of skin repigmentation in localized stable vitiligo patients.

Full description

Vitiligo is a depigmentation disease characterised by epidermal melanocyte death and melanin loss. It affects less than 0.1% to greater than 8% of the world's population. It is caused by a dynamic interplay between genetic and environmental risks that initiates an autoimmune attack on melanocytes in the skin. There are some treatment modalities, such as topical steroids, topical calcineurin inhibitors, excimer laser, narrowband-ultraviolet B therapy (NB-UVB), vitamin D,and non-cultured epidermal cell suspension (NCES). One of the representative autogenous regenerative biomaterials is platelet-rich plasma (PRP) which contains moderate to high concentrations of platelets together with multiple biomolecules and moderate concentrations of leucocytes. Activated platelets can release autogenous growth factors that may initiate a signalling cascades and lead to numerous intracellular changes, promoting the proliferation, migration, and differentiation of stem cells and regulating local inflammation and immune responses. Laser- assisted drug delivery (LADD) functions by creating focused zones of selective epidermal damage thereby rendering the dermis more accessible to topical medication. Multiple lasers have been applied for the purpose of LADD, including ablative fractional carbon dioxide (CO2) and erbium-doped yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er: YAG) lasers. Microneedling (Mn) is a minimally invasive process in which many tiny needles penetrate the skin. It augments transdermal drug delivery (TDD) through the creation of pores in the stratum corneum. This technique is also believed to induce pigmentation by physically moving melanocytes with the needles into the vitiligo areas from the pigmented areas, so that they may serve as reservoirs for melanogenesis, also it induces microinflammation which stimulates the migration of keratinocytes and melanocytes that induces the release of cytokines and growth factors stimulating melanocytes at the periphery of vitiligo patches and their migration from pigmented to unpigmented areas.

Enrollment

40 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

10 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

- 1) Patients of both sexes with stable localized vitiligo: stable patches (should not have any increase or decrease in size or pigmentation for at least 3 months) .

2)Age between 10 - 60 years

Exclusion criteria

1)Acute or chronic infections. 2) Koebner phenomenon. 3) Contraindications to PRP injections:

  • Patients with blood or platelet abnormalities.
  • Patients taking anti-platelet drugs or anticoagulants.

Patients with a history of altered or abnormal fibroblast function, such as collagen diseases or myelofibrosis.

4) We also excluded pregnant or lactating women. 5) All patients included had not received any local or systemic medication for at least 2 months before the study.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

40 participants in 2 patient groups

fractional(Er: YAG) laser with platelet-rich plasma
Experimental group
Description:
Subjected to fractional erbium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er: YAG) laser (FotonaXs Dynamis, Slovenia) with the energy of 1400 mJ in short pulse mode (SP) with spot size of 7 mm diameter, frequency of 3 Hz, and pixel 1. PRP is applied over the treated areas.This procedure will be repeated every two weeks for six months
Treatment:
Device: fractional Erbium-YAG laser
Microneedling with platelet-rich plasma
Experimental group
Description:
Subjected to microneedling using electronic dermapen device (Dr Pen Derma Pen Ultima A6®) which has a disposable head that personalized for each patient and sterilized after each session. The derma pen will penetrate the skin with variable depths ranging from 0.25 to 0.5 mm (not more than the depth of the epidermis). It will pass vertically over the vitiligo area in a circular pattern from the perilesional areas toward the depigmented center until pinpoint bleeding appears then the PRP is applied over the treated areas. - This procedure will be repeated every two weeks for six months.
Treatment:
Device: microneedling

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

aya ma hameed, resident

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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