Erector Spinae Plane Block and Thoracal Paravertebral Block Following Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery

M

Medipol University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Lung Diseases

Treatments

Other: Erector spinae plane block (Group ESPB)
Other: Thoracal paravertebral block (Group TPVB)
Other: Control group (group C)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03854773
MedipolU

Details and patient eligibility

About

Video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has recently been evaluated as the standard surgical procedure for lung surgery. Although VATS is less painful than thoracotomy, patients may feel severe pain during the first hours at postoperative period. Analgesia management is very important for these patients in postoperative period since insufficient analgesia can cause pulmonary complications such as atelectasis, pneumonia and increased oxygen consumption. The ultrasound (US) guided erector spina plane (ESP) block is a novel interfacial plan block defined by Forero et al. at 2016. ESP block provides thoracic analgesia at T5 level and abdominal analgesia at T7-9 level. Visualization of sonoanatomy with US is easy, and the spread of local anesthesic agents can be easily seen under the erector spinae muscle (12). Thus, analgesia occurs in several dermatomes with cephalad-caudad way. In the literature, there is not still any randomized study evaluating ESP block efficiency for postoperative analgesia management after VATS. The aim of this study is to compare US-guided ESP block and TPVB for postoperative analgesia management after VATS.

Full description

Video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has recently been evaluated as the standard surgical procedure for lung surgery. The advantages of VATS procedures compared with open thoracotomy are rapid recovery, short hospital stay and low complication risk. Although VATS is less painful than thoracotomy, patients may feel severe pain during the first hours at postoperative period. Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) which is the gold standard analgesic technique after thoracotomy, is generally used for analgesia management after VATS. However, since the surgical technique and trauma between open surgery and VATS are different, the question of what should be the gold standard for analgesia management after VATS is a topic of discussion. Especially due to the difficult administration and adverse effect profile of TEA, the opinion of minimally invasive surgical procedures, requiring less invasive analgesic techniques is supported. Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) has been evaluated as the first step regional analgesia technique for postoperative analgesia management after VATS. However, its administration is difficult because of its anatomical proximity to important structures such as the pleura and central neuro-axial system and it can cause complications such as pneumothorax, vascular injury. Analgesia management is very important for these patients in postoperative period since insufficient analgesia can cause pulmonary complications such as atelectasis, pneumonia and increased oxygen consumption. The ultrasound (US) guided erector spina plane (ESP) block is a novel interfacial plan block defined by Forero et al. at 2016. ESP block provides thoracic analgesia at T5 level and abdominal analgesia at T7-9 level. The ESP block contains a local anesthetic injection into the deep fascia of erector spinae. This area is away from the pleural and neurological structures and thus minimizes the risk of complications due to injury. Visualization of sonoanatomy with US is easy, and the spread of local anesthesic agents can be easily seen under the erector spinae muscle. Thus, analgesia occurs in several dermatomes with cephalad-caudad way. Cadaveric studies have shown that the injection spreads to the ventral and dorsal roots of the spinal nerves and creates sensory blockade in both posterior and anterolateral thorax. In the literature, it has been reported that ESP block provides effective analgesia after open heart surgery, breast surgery and ventral hernia repair in randomized controlled studies about ESP block efficiency for postoperative analgesia management. In some case series and case reports it has been reported that ESP block provides effective analgesia after thoracotomy and VATS. Furthermore, it has been reported that it provides effective analgesia in chronic and persistant pain syndromes of thorax. The aim of this study is to compare US-guided ESP block and TPVB for postoperative analgesia management after VATS. The primary aim is to compare perioperative and postoperative opioid consumption and the secondary aim is to evaluate postoperative pain scores (VAS), adverse effects related with opioids (allergic reaction, nausea, vomiting) and complications due to blocks (pneumothorax, hematoma).

Enrollment

90 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

* American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification I-II * scheduled for VATS under general anesthesia

Exclusion criteria

* history of bleeding diathesis, * receiving anticoagulant treatment, * known local anesthetics and opioid allergy, * infection of the skin at the site of the needle puncture, * pregnancy or lactation, * patients who do not accept the procedure

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

90 participants in 3 patient groups

Erector spinae block (Group ESPB)
Active Comparator group
Description:
In group A, ESP block will be performed. US probe will be placed longitudinally 2-3 cm lateral to the T5 transverse process. From superior to inferior, three muscles will be visualized on the hyperechoic transverse process; trapezius (upper), rhomboideus major (middle), erector spinae (lower). The block needle will be inserted cranio caudal direction and then for correction of the needle 5 ml saline will be injected deep into the erector spina muscle fascia. Following confirmation of the correct position of the needle 20 ml %0.25 bupivacaine will be administered for block.
Treatment:
Other: Erector spinae plane block (Group ESPB)
Thoracal paravertebral block group (Group TPVB)
Active Comparator group
Description:
In group B, TPVB will be performed. US probe will be placed 2-3 cm laterally following the visualization T5 spinous process in sagittal orientation. The ribs and transverse processes will be visualized as hyperechoic structures. The costotransverse ligament will be visualized in the superior, and the pleura in the anterior region. Using in plane technique, the block needle will be inserted in the cranio-caudal direction until the costotransverse ligament will be passed. For confirmation of correct position of the needle, 5 ml saline will be injected. After the negative aspiration of cerebrospinal fluid, blood and air; 20 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine will be performed and it will be seen of moving downwards of the pleura during the injection
Treatment:
Other: Thoracal paravertebral block (Group TPVB)
Control group (Group C)
Other group
Description:
Patients in control group will be only received fentanyl via a patient controlled analgesia (PCA) device.
Treatment:
Other: Control group (group C)

Trial contacts and locations

1

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems