Erlotinib or Placebo Following Chemoradiotherapy (Chemo/RT) in Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

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Dartmouth Health

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
NSCLC

Treatments

Drug: Placebo
Drug: Erlotinib (tarceva)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT00153803
D-0410

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a national, randomized, web-based, double-blind study to determine whether erlotinib (Tarceva) compared to placebo improves progression-free survival (PFS) for patients with inoperable, stage III NSCLC following concurrent docetaxel, carboplatin and thoracic radiotherapy. We hypothesize that the introduction of this orally active, well-tolerated agent following concurrent chemoradiation and prior to the emergence of drug resistance will prolong the progression-free survival by 40% (10 months → 14 months).

Full description

The promising activity of erlotinib as a single agent in advanced refractory NSCLC along with its oral administration and favorable adverse event profile makes this agent an excellent candidate to incorporate into combined modality therapy in the early stages of lung cancer. Based on these data, erlotinib is an attractive novel approach to maintenance therapy in unresectable stage III NSCLC following completion of concomitant chemoradiation. Although, a subset of patients with unresectable stage III NSCLC will be long-term survivors following chemotherapy and thoracic radiation therapy, the vast majority relapse within the first year following therapy and eventually die from chemotherapy refractory disease. We hypothesize that the introduction of an potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor to the epidermal growth factor receptor following effective concomitant chemoradiotherapy with docetaxel and carboplatin will prolong the progression-free survival time for these patients.

Enrollment

245 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Unresectable, stage IIIA or IIIB NSCLC (measurable disease is not required)
  • No evidence of metastatic disease
  • No prior treatment
  • Adequate organ function
  • Adequate pulmonary function (FEV >= 1.0L or predicted FEV >0.8L)

Exclusion criteria

  • Metastasis
  • Prior treatment
  • Malignant pleural or pericardial effusion
  • Peripheral neuropathy >= grade 2

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

245 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

1
Experimental group
Description:
Erlotinib (Tarceva) 150mg: Erlotinib 150mg orally each day. Patients will be treated on a continuous, once daily oral dosing schedule until disease progression, withdrawal of consent, unacceptable adverse events, death or completion of 3 years of therapy.
Treatment:
Drug: Erlotinib (tarceva)
2
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Matched Placebo: Matched placebo orally each day. Patients will be treated on a continuous, once daily oral dosing schedule until disease progression, withdrawal of consent, unacceptable adverse events death or completion of 3 years of therapy.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

65

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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