Establish Epidemiologic Data of H. Pylori Infection in Children and Adolescents-Using C13-UBT

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National Taiwan University

Status

Completed

Conditions

H. Pylori Infection

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00155623
DOH91-DC-1021
DOH90-DC-1031
DOH92-DC-1051
24642

Details and patient eligibility

About

The aims of this prospective study are: (1) to prospectively investigate the "true" prevalence rate, the acquisition and spontaneous clearance of H. pylori infection year by year in the population whose ages between seven and fifteen. (2) to explore the risk factors of transmission of H. pylori infection in Taiwan. (This information may be use as the guide for conduction of the national policy of public health and disease prevention.)

Full description

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a spiral microaerophilic Gram-negative bacterium isolated in 1983, is now known as the most common gastrointestinal bacterial infection worldwide. It is the principal cause of chronic gastritis and is strongly associated with peptic ulcer disease as well as gastric cancer, including gastric lymphoma (MALT type). In developed countries, infection occurs in more than 50% of adults, whereas developing countries have infection rates reaching 90%. Among those with H. pylori infection, eradication therapy alters the natural history of recurrences with attendant morbidity and death, which previously required lifelong maintenance therapy. Perhaps the greatest concern with regard to infection with H. pylori is the increased risk for the development of gastric cancers in adulthood. This is particularly relevant because infection dating from childhood appears to enhance the risk of carcinogenesis. Because H. pylori infection is contracted primarily during the childhood years, additional epidemiological studies among pediatric populations are imperative. Therefore the validation of an inexpensive, easy-to perform, sensitive, specific, and noninvasive diagnostic test for H. pylori infection in children and adolescents is of paramount importance to enhance our presently limited understanding of H. pylori-related diseases. The optimal noninvasive tests for epidemiological research of H. pylori infection in children are still not well identified. Serologic immunoassays based on H. pylori antigens require validation in the pediatric population under evaluation. As the result of our previous study, the serological test was not sensitive enough as an epidemiology screening tool for H. pylori infection in children.The aims of this prospective study are: (1) to prospectively investigate the "true" prevalence rate, the acquisition and spontaneous clearance of H. pylori infection year by year in the population whose ages between seven and fifteen. (2) to explore the risk factors of transmission of H. pylori infection in Taiwan. (This information may be use as the guide for conduction of the national policy of public health and disease prevention.) The study population will include students of one primary school and one junior high school in Lo-Tong area. There will be 150-160 cases in each age group and will be continuously followed-up for 3 years. Blood sample will be collected from each student for the serological test. 13C-urea breath test will be performed in each student, too. The parents of students will answer a questionnaire concerning the basic epidemiological data and possible factors related to the transmission of H. pylori. The students having new acquisition of H. pylori infection in the 2nd or 3rd years' follow-up period will be collected for further investigation. These student and their family will be invited to receive panendoscopy for the evaluation of possible pathology of stomach and the isolation H. pylori strain. These H. pylori isolates will be identified by molecular genotyping for the detection of possible source of transmission in the family. All of these results will be analyzed by a SAS system.

Sex

All

Ages

6 to 60 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Age from 6 to 15 years, both male and female. Teachers as adult control.

Exclusion criteria

none

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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