Evaluating Next Generation LAM Assays and Molecular Diagnostics (POC and Near POC) for the Diagnosis of TB Among People With Presumptive TB: a Prospective Multicentre Diagnostic Accuracy Study (DriveDx4TB)

F

Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics (FIND)

Status

Not yet enrolling

Conditions

Tuberculosis

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06019052
TB051

Details and patient eligibility

About

This prospective multicentre study is planned to evaluate the next generation LAM assays and molecular diagnostics (POC and near POC) among people with presumptive Tuberculosis. The DriveDx4TB study aims to generate evidence needed to accelerate the introduction of three new classes of TB diagnostics, complemented by alternative sampling for use at primary healthcare and community settings. To this end, the study will leverage the accelerated innovation spurred by the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly the rapid development of swab-based sampling and molecular diagnostic (MDx) platforms.

Full description

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health problem owing to high rates of morbidity and mortality; the 2022 Global TB Report estimates that approximately 10.6 million individuals fell ill with TB in 2021, however on account of existing programme inefficiencies and compounded by the effects of COVID-19, 4.1 million people with TB went undiagnosed. Access to diagnostics remains a significant barrier to TB care, further exacerbated by COVID-19; the consequence of delayed diagnoses and subsequent treatment has resulted in increased TB deaths (1.4M deaths in 2021 - levels last seen in 2017). In addition, a reliance on sputum-based testing has limited case detection efforts, particularly among individuals with paucibacillary disease (e.g., people living with HIV [PLHIV] and children) and those investigated earlier in their TB disease progression, where sputum production is inherently difficult. New fit-for-purpose diagnostics are thus urgently needed to recover lost ground and to bring testing closer to patients and address current sampling limitations. The DriveDx4TB project aims to generate evidence needed to accelerate the introduction of three new classes of TB diagnostics, complemented by alternative sampling for use at primary healthcare and community settings. To this end, the study will leverage the accelerated innovation spurred by the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly the rapid development of swab-based sampling and molecular diagnostic (MDx) platforms. The project will independently evaluate three technology classes: 3rd Generation urine LAM Point-of-care (POC) MDx using tongue swabs Near POC MDx using tongue swabs or sputum The data gathered from this study will support in-country decision-making for the uptake of new TB diagnostics, and will form part of evidence reviewed by the WHO for policy development or prequalification (PQ) processes.

Enrollment

1,890 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Adult (≥18 years), with presumptive pulmonary TB i.e., self-reporting cough ≥2 weeks and ≥1 other symptom typical of pulmonary TB*
  • Willing to provide written informed consent
  • Willing to provide sputum, and other samples (tongue swabs, urine)
  • Willingness to have a telephonic follow-up call 2-3 months post-enrolment
  • Documented HIV status and CD4 count within last 6 months, or if unavailable, then willing to undergo testing
  • fever, night sweats or unintended weight-loss

Exclusion criteria

  • Participants currently on anti-TB treatment *
  • Any anti-TB treatment or antibiotics not specifically used for TB treatment, but which have anti-TB activity, e.g., fluoroquinolones given for respiratory tract infection within 60 days prior to enrolment
  • Any tuberculosis preventive therapy (TPT) within 6 months prior to enrolment
  • Participants who have conditions or circumstances that preclude their participation, based on the judgement of the site investigator
  • Unable to produce at least 3ml of sputum * Participants starting anti-TB treatment at the time of enrolment will not be excluded from the study provided that all study specimens are collected before starting the 3rd dose of treatment.

Trial contacts and locations

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Central trial contact

Charu Paliwal, Master in Biotechnology; Pamela Nabeta, Medical Doctor

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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