Evaluating PD-1/PD-L1 in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer by Quantitative Fluorescence Molecular Endoscopy (PREDICT)


University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG)

Status and phase

Not yet enrolling
Phase 1


Locally Advanced Rectal Carcinoma


Drug: Imfinzi
Drug: Opdivo

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Colorectal cancer (CRC) claims 10% of global cancer-related deaths annually, with rising incidence. Locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) requires improved diagnostic techniques. This study focuses on dual-wavelength quantitative fluorescence molecular endoscopy (qFME) using PD-1/PD-L1-targeted tracers for LARC patients undergoing neoadjuvant treatment. Eighteen patients will receive nivolumab-800CW and durvalumab-680LT before qFME procedures, assessing programmed death-1/programmed death ligand-1 (PD-1/PD-L1) expression. We want to test the feasibility of qFME and ex vivo fluorescence imaging after intravenous administration of nivolumab-800CW, targeting PD-1, and durvalumab-680LT, targeting PD-L1, to visualize PD-L1 and PD-1 expression before and after CRT in LARC patients. If successful, this method can potentially be used in the future to see which patients most likely benefit from additional immunotherapy beforehand. The non-randomized, prospective phase 1 intervention explores biomarkers' role in treatment response prediction. Tracer administration poses minimal risks. Patients will not directly benefit, but the study aims to establish the utility of nivolumab-800CW and durvalumab-680LT in determining PD-1/PD-L1 expression during endoscopy.

Full description

Colorectal cancer (CRC) constitutes a significant global health burden, responsible for 10% of cancer-related deaths annually, with incidence rates escalating by 1-4% annually. Locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) demands enhanced diagnostic tools, despite various existing modalities. This prospective, non-randomized, phase 1 intervention study addresses this need through dual-wavelength quantitative fluorescence molecular endoscopy (qFME) utilizing PD-1/PD-L1-targeted tracers. The primary goal is to assess the safety and feasibility of using durvalumab-680LT and nivolumab-800CW to assess PD-1 and PD-L1 expression alterations before and after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) in LARC patients. The study's central hypothesis posits that higher PD-1/PD-L1 expression correlates with improved treatment response. To test this, eighteen LARC patients scheduled for nCRT and surgery will receive intravenous nivolumab-800CW and durvalumab-680LT, with qFME procedures conducted before and after nCRT. The tracers, labeled with different near-infrared (NIR) fluorophores (800CW and 680LT), allow separate quantification during simultaneous administration. The study design is single-center, non-blinded, and non-randomized. Eligible patients, identified at the University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG), undergo qFME during staging endoscopy pre-nCRT and an additional procedure 2-3 weeks post-nCRT. Tracer administration precedes these procedures, involving monitoring for potential side effects. A potential third restaging endoscopy occurs 6-8 weeks post-CRT, without tracer administration, collecting biopsies. The study population comprises eighteen LARC patients (cT3c-4, N1-2, M0) at UMCG scheduled for nCRT followed by surgery. Tracer administration involves 15 mg nivolumab-800CW and 15 mg durvalumab-680LT, with endoscopy procedures incorporating high-definition white-light endoscopy (HD-WLE), qFME, multi-diameter single fiber reflectance/single fiber fluorescence (MDSFR/SFF) spectroscopy, endoscopic rectal ultrasound (EUS), fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy, and ultrasound-guided needle biopsy single-fiber fluorescence (USNB/SFF) spectroscopy. The main study parameters assess the safety of the combination of durvalumab-680LT and nivolumab-800CW through the evaluation of both vital signs after tracer administration and possible (severe) adverse events (SAE/AE's). Importantly, we will determine the feasibility of fluorescence molecular imaging using the GMP-produced near-infrared fluorescent tracers durvalumab-680LT and nivolumab-800CW for visualizing PD-1 and PD-L1 expression before and after nCRT in LARC patients with dedicated fluorescence imaging systems. Risks include minimal infection and hematoma risks from tracer administration, and the study offers negligible benefits to participants. The study's significance lies in establishing the utility of nivolumab-800CW and durvalumab-680LT in determining PD-1/PD-L1 expression during endoscopy for potential treatment response prediction in LARC.


18 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Diagnosed with LARC (cT3c-4, N1-2, M0);
  • Written informed consent is obtained; (We aim to include only patients who consent to both study procedures, however if some patients (n<9) do not consent to the first or second procedure or withdraw their consent for the second procedure after the first procedure, they can still be included)
  • Be at least 18 years old;
  • Speak the Dutch language.

Exclusion criteria

  • Concurrent uncontrolled medical conditions according to treating medical physician;
  • Pregnancy or breast feeding. A negative pregnancy test must be available for women of childbearing potential on the day of tracer administration (i.e. premenopausal women with intact reproductive organs and women less than two years after menopause);
  • Prior irradical endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of the primary tumor.
  • Received an investigational drug within 30 days prior to administration of nivolumab-800CW and durvalumab-680LT according to the patient's medical history;
  • History of infusion reactions to nivolumab, durvalumab or other monoclonal antibodies according to the patient's medical history;
  • Active episode of inflammatory bowel disease;
  • Use of immunosuppressive agents;
  • Medical or psychiatric conditions that compromise the patient's ability to give informed consent according to treating medical physician.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

18 participants in 1 patient group

Durvalumab-680LT and nivolumab-800CW
Experimental group
Study procedure 1: Combined intravenous tracer administration with 15mg IMFINZI and 15mg OPDIVO followed by fluorescence molecular endoscopy Study procedure 2: Combined intravenous tracer administration with 15mg IMFINZI and 15mg OPDIVO followed by fluorescence molecular endoscopy
Drug: Opdivo
Drug: Imfinzi

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Wouter B Nagengast, Prof.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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