Evaluating the Hypothesized Mechanism of Action of N-acetylcysteine for Bipolar Disorder

Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) logo

Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Bipolar II Disorder
Bipolar I Disorder
Bipolar Disorder

Treatments

Drug: Placebo
Drug: N-Acetyl cysteine

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05340504
00117736

Details and patient eligibility

About

This research study evaluates the effects of anFDA-approved medication NAC in individuals with Bipolar Disorder. Participants in the study will will be assigned to two medication conditions and will take both NAC and a matched placebo. The order in which they take each medication will be random. Study medication will be taken for 14 days. There will be 5 study visits, with 2 MRI brain imaging scans completed. Questionnaires and clinical interview measures will be completed at study visits along with consistent assessment of potential side effects from study medication.

Enrollment

12 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Ages 18-60 years
  2. Meet DSM-5 criteria for bipolar I or II disorder
  3. Able to provide informed consent and read, understand, and accurately complete assessment instruments
  4. Willing to commit to medication treatment and follow-up assessments
  5. Meets DSM-5 criteria for any mood episode (i.e., Major Depressive, Hypomanic, Manic), Current or In Partial Remission
  6. Prescribed daily use of at least one FDA-approved mood stabilizing medication (i.e., lithium, divalproex sodium, lamotrigine, 2nd generation antipsychotic)
  7. Willing to abstain from antioxidant supplements (e.g., coenzyme Q-10, vitamin E) for the duration of the study.

Exclusion criteria

  1. A primary psychiatric diagnosis other than BD (e.g., Schizophrenia)
  2. Meet DSM-5 criteria for substance use disorder (other than Tobacco Use Disorder) within the past 6 months.
  3. Any uncontrolled neurological condition (e.g., epilepsy) that could confound the results of the study
  4. Any history of brain injury with loss of consciousness greater than 5 minutes
  5. Any history of mental retardation, dementia, or recent electroconvulsive therapy (in the past 3 months)
  6. Any uncontrolled medical condition that may adversely affect the conduct of the study or jeopardize the safety of the participant
  7. Hepatocellular disease as indicated by plasma levels of liver transaminases (aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase) greater than 3 times the normal range
  8. Renal insufficiency as indicated by plasma levels of creatinine greater than 2 times the normal range
  9. Concomitant use of nitroglycerine, carbamazepine, or any other medication deemed to be hazardous if taken with N-Acetylcysteine (NAC).
  10. Medication dose changes of ≥ 20% ≤ 2 weeks prior to testing
  11. Women of childbearing potential who are pregnant, lactating, or refuse adequate forms of contraception
  12. Current suicidal or homicidal risk
  13. Baseline scores greater than 35 on the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale or greater than 25 on the Young Mania Rating Scale
  14. Has taken NAC in the last month or experienced adverse effects/allergic reaction from it at any time
  15. Significant claustrophobia and/or past negative experiences with MRI
  16. Presence of non-MRI safe materials in the body (e.g., ferrous metal implants, pacemaker)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

12 participants in 2 patient groups

Group A: NAC, then Placebo Oral Capsule
Experimental group
Description:
Group A will receive NAC 2 times a day for a total of 14 days. On Day 14 they will have a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) exam. They will then have a 14 day washout period. They will then receive Placebo Oral Capsule 2 times a day for 14 days and have another MRI exam on day 14.
Treatment:
Drug: N-Acetyl cysteine
Drug: Placebo
Group B: Placebo Oral Capsule, then NAC
Experimental group
Description:
Group A will receive Placebo Oral Capsule 2 times a day for a total of 14 days. On Day 14 they will have a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) exam. They will then have a 14 day washout period. They will then receive NAC 2 times a day for 14 days and have another MRI exam on day 14.
Treatment:
Drug: N-Acetyl cysteine
Drug: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Sara Hix

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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