Evaluation of Low-level Laser at Auriculotherapy Points to Reduce Postoperative Pain in Inferior Third Molar Surgery

U

University of Nove de Julho

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 4

Conditions

Pain

Treatments

Device: low level laser in auricular acupuncture points
Device: low level laser device off in auricular acupuncture points

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02657174
1.100.869

Details and patient eligibility

About

The association between low level laser and auricular acupuncture can be an alternative when conventional drugs are contraindicated or to reduce the quantity of these postoperative medications. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of low level laser at auriculotherapy points in reducing postoperative pain in lower third molar surgery. Eighty third molars surgeries will be performed in 40 healthy patients by a split-mouth design. Immediately after surgery, each side of the patient's mouth will be randomly treated with different regimens in a double-blind design: low level laser in auricular acupuncture points or simulation of its use. This treatment will be performed at 24 and 48 hours after surgery. The primary variable is the post-operative pain. The secondary variables are trismus, edema and local temperature. They will be assessed at baseline, 24 hours, 48 hours and seven days after surgery.The blood samples for analysis of systemic inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, interleukin 1, interleukin 6 and interleukin 8) will be assessed at baseline and 24 hours after surgery.

Full description

Third molar surgery is the most common surgical procedure in dentistry. A comfortable, fast postoperative return to daily activities has increased the need to control inflammation and its signs and symptoms, such as pain and edema. Anti-inflammatories and analgesics have been used for this purpose, but they are not exempt from adverse effects, such as allergies and chronic gastritis, not to mention the medicine costs. The association between low level laser and auricular acupuncture can be an alternative when conventional drugs are contraindicated or to reduce the quantity of these postoperative medications. Among the advantages, we can mention the low risk of side effects, low cost and simplicity of application. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of low level laser at auriculotherapy points in reducing postoperative pain in lower third molar surgery. Eighty bilateral, symmetrical lower third molars surgeries will be performed in 40 healthy patients. Each patient will be his or her own control, through a split-mouth technique. Immediately after surgery, each side of the patient's mouth will be randomly treated with different regimens in a double-blind design: low level laser in auricular acupuncture points or simulation of its use (contralateral side). This regimen will be repeated at 24 and 48 hours after surgery. All patients will receive the same medication (paracetamol) and will be oriented to take it only if they have pain. Neither the surgeon nor the patients know the assigned treatment. The primary variable is the post-operative pain assessed by visual analog scale, and the secondary variables are trismus, edema, local temperature. Dysphagia and presence of infection (systemic temperature, lymphadenopathy) will also be evaluated. These variables will be assessed at baseline, 24 hours, 48 hours and seven days after surgery. All adverse effects will be recorded. The blood samples for analysis of systemic inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, interleukin 1, interleukin 6 and interleukin 8) will be assessed at baseline and 24 hours after surgery.

Enrollment

80 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 28 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • healthy patients (negative medical history)
  • teeth in position II B according classification of Pell and Gregory
  • third molar with extraction indication (recurrent infections, poor position, orthodontic indication) with professional statement in writing.

Exclusion criteria

  • allergic to any drug used in the research (e.g.paracetamol)
  • pregnant or breastfeeding women
  • smokers
  • patients submitted to radiotherapy in the head and neck, systemic or local infection (e.g., pericoronitis or periodontal abscess)
  • patients with injuries or radiolucent images associated with the third molar
  • patients who have used anti-inflammatory drugs in the last three months
  • drug users
  • patients who present any complications during surgery (e.g., bleeding, surgical difficulty, surgery longer than 90 minutes).

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

80 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

G1- experimental active comparator group
Experimental group
Description:
G1 - (Experimental) 40 third molars surgeries will be performed in a conventional manner. At the end of surgery low level laser in auricular acupuncture points will be applied for prevention of inflammation and pain in a split-mouth design.
Treatment:
Device: low level laser in auricular acupuncture points
G2- control group
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
G2 - (Control) 40 third molars surgeries will be performed in the conventional manner, identically to the G1. At the end of surgery low level laser device off in auricular acupuncture points will be applied. The patient will receive low level laser with a protection of lead in the laser nozzle, in order to block the passage of light, in the same auricular points used in G1, with split-mouth design.
Treatment:
Device: low level laser device off in auricular acupuncture points

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Anna Carolina RT Horliana, PhD; Helio S Filho, Ms

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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