Evaluation of Patients With HAM/TSP

National Institutes of Health (NIH) logo

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Tropical Spastic Paraparesis
HTLV-I Infection

Study type

Observational

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT00001778
98-N-0047
980047

Details and patient eligibility

About

Objective: Human T-lymphotropic virus type-I-associated myelopathy / tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a rare neurologic disorder that affects less than 5% of patients infected with the HTLV-I virus. The purpose of this protocol is to study the natural history of HAM/TSP by monitoring clinical progression of patients longitudinally. Additionally, we will attempt to define the virological and immunological changes of HAM/TSP. Study Population: Patients with HAM/TSP who fulfill World Health Organization diagnostic criteria are eligible to participate in this protocol. Asymptomatic seropositive individuals and individuals with indeterminate HTLV-1 serology are also eligible to participate. Design and Outcome Measures: A longitudinal assessment of clinical, virological and immunological progression in HAM/TSP will be accomplished through periodic testing and evaluation. Asymptomatic seropositive individuals, those with seroindeterminate HTLV-I serology and normal volunteers may serve as controls. Longitudinal standardized neurological examinations will be performed. Longitudinal samples of serum, plasma, and lymphocytes may be obtained from participants. Lumbar punctures may be performed on all participants. These samples will be used virological and immunological assays. A focus is on the relationships between the characteristics of viral infection, the immune response, and the genetic makeup.

Full description

Objective Human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) was first discovered in the search for retroviruses causing cancer in 1981. Shortly afterwards, HTLV-2 was also isolated. Although HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 share similar genome structure, routes of transmission, and replication pattern, they differ in epidemiology and disease associations. Human T-lymphotropic virus type-I-associated myelopathy / tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a rare neurologic disorder that affects less than 5% of patients infected with the HTLV-I virus. Recently, a large body of literature supports other inflammatory manifestations, some neurological such as myositis, due to HTLV-1 infection. Studies of HLTV-2 clinical manifestations have largely been confounded by concomitant HIV-1 infection or IV drug abuse making the establishment of clear relationship with other manifestations such as neurological disease difficult. Most patients infected with HTLV remain asymptomatic throughout their lifetime. The purpose of this protocol is to study the natural history of HTLV infection by monitoring participants longitudinally. Additionally, we will attempt to define the virological and immunological changes of these viral infections. In addition, this protocol may be used to screen for other VIS protocols. Study Population Individuals sero-positive for HTLV, individuals with indeterminate HTLV sero-status, and healthy volunteers are eligible to participate in this protocol. Some individuals sero-positive for HTLV may have associated diseases including but not limited to HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) and HTLV associated inflammatory disorders. Design \& Outcome Measures A longitudinal assessment of clinical, virological and immunological progression in HTLV related disease will be accomplished through periodic testing and evaluation. Asymptomatic seropositive individuals, those with sero-indeterminate HTLV serology and healthy volunteers may serve as controls. Longitudinal standardized neurological examinations will be performed. Longitudinal samples of serum, plasma, and lymphocytes may be obtained from participants. Lumbar punctures may be performed on all participants. These samples will be used for virological and immunological assays. A focus is on the relationships between the characteristics of viral infection, the immune response, and the genetic makeup.

Enrollment

750 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 120 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Participants that meet one of the following criteria:

  • Test positive for HTLV infection (positive HTLV-1 ELISA followed by a positive Western blot)
  • Positive HTLV ELISA but a Western Blot that only partially fulfills the above criteria (sero-indeterminate)
  • Have a family member/significant other who is HTLV positive, and may have been exposed to the virus
  • Healthy volunteer AND
  • Willingness to participate in the protocol evaluations and procedures.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Unwillingness or inability to participate in the protocol evaluations and procedures.
  • The presence of any medical, social, or psychiatric conditions that in the opinion of the investigator may affect the safety of the patients or compliance with the protocol.
  • Patients/healthy volunteers under the age of 18 are excluded.

Trial design

750 participants in 3 patient groups

healthy volunteers
Description:
At least 18 years old and have no history of any medical illness that may confound study results or make participation in this protocol impossible
individuals seropositive for HTLV
Description:
Positive HTLV-1 ELISA followed by a positive Western Blot
individuals with indeterminate HTLV sero-status
Description:
Positive HTLV ELISA but a Western Blot that only partially fulfills criteria

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Steven Jacobson, Ph.D.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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