Evaluation of the Changes in HIV-1 Burden in Peripheral Blood and Lymphoid Tissue Following Zidovudine ( AZT ) Treatment in HIV-1-Infected Patients With CD4+ Cells Between 100 and 500 Cells/mm3.

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) logo

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

HIV Infections

Treatments

Drug: Zidovudine

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT00000818
DATRI 012

Details and patient eligibility

About

PRIMARY: To determine the effect of 8 weeks of zidovudine (AZT) treatment on the HIV-1 burden in peripheral blood and lymphoid tissue in HIV-1-infected, AZT-naive patients with CD4+ T lymphocyte counts between 100 and 500 cells/mm3. SECONDARY: To determine the extent to which apoptosis (programmed cell death) occurs in these patients. In previous trials of AZT treatment in HIV-infected patients, an antiviral effect has been clearly demonstrated by quantitative measurement of virus in plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. However, the lymphoid tissues appear to be a major reservoir for HIV-1 and a major site of virus replication in HIV-infected persons. Further data is needed to assess the effect of treatment on viral burden and HIV-1 replication in lymphoid tissue.

Full description

In previous trials of AZT treatment in HIV-infected patients, an antiviral effect has been clearly demonstrated by quantitative measurement of virus in plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. However, the lymphoid tissues appear to be a major reservoir for HIV-1 and a major site of virus replication in HIV-infected persons. Further data is needed to assess the effect of treatment on viral burden and HIV-1 replication in lymphoid tissue. Patients receive AZT daily for 8 weeks and are followed in clinic at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 9, and 14 (or possibly via telephone call at week 14). Patients undergo a lymph node biopsy at day 0 and week 8.

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Prophylaxis against AIDS-related opportunistic infections.
  • Supportive therapies, such as medications for nausea, vomiting, anemia, and analgesia.

Patients must have:

  • HIV infection.
  • CD4 count 100 - 500 cells/mm3.
  • At least two palpable lymph nodes.
  • Plasma viremia.
  • No CURRENT AIDS-defining conditions.
  • No prior antiretroviral treatment.

Exclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded during the first 8 weeks of study:

  • Other antiretroviral agents.
  • Steroids.
  • Interleukins.
  • Interferons.
  • Cytotoxic chemotherapy.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Prior antiretroviral therapy.
  • Prior cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Acute therapy for an infection or another medical illness within 14 days prior to study entry.

Trial contacts and locations

9

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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