Evaluation of the Efficacy and Safety of Two Dosing Regimens of Olokizumab (OKZ), Compared to Placebo, in Subjects With Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Who Were Taking an Existing Medication Called a Tumour Necrosis Factor Alpha Inhibitor But Had Active Disease (CREDO 3)

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R-Pharm

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Treatments

Drug: Placebo
Drug: Olokizumab

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT02760433
2015-005308-27 (EudraCT Number)
CL04041025

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study was to determine how effective and safe the study drug Olokizumab was in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) who had been already receiving, but not fully responding to treatment with an existing medication called a tumour necrosis factor alpha inhibitor The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of olokizumab (OKZ) 64 mg administered subcutaneously (SC) once every 2 weeks (q2w) or once every 4 weeks (q4w) relative to placebo in subjects with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) inadequately controlled by TNF-α inhibitor (TNFi) therapy.

Full description

The goal of this Phase III study was to assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of OKZ in subjects with moderately to severely active RA who had responded inadequately to TNFi therapy. The primary endpoint of the trial was assessed at Week 12. Olokizumab was expected to reduce the disease activity and improve physical function. The study was expected to provide safety information in a large group of subjects over at least a 24 week period. This was a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. This study included a 4-week Screening Period, a double-blind Treatment Period from Week 0 to Week 24, and a Safety FollowUp Period from Week 24 to Week 44. A total of 350 subjects were planned to be randomized.Subjects were assessed for eligibility to enter the study during a 4-week Screening Period. Eligible subjects were randomized at Visit 2 in a 2:2:1 ratio in one of 3 treatment groups (planned 140, 140, and 70 subjects per group, respectively) : Olokizumab 64 mg q4w: SC injection of OKZ 64 mg q4w (alternating with SC injection of placebo OKZ q4w to maintain blinding) + MTX for 24 weeks, Olokizumab 64 mg q2w: SC injection of OKZ 64 mg q2w + MTX for 24 weeks or Placebo: SC injection of placebo q2w + MTX for 16 weeks. Subjects who received placebo were re-randomized at Week 16 to receive 64 mg OKZ q4w + Methotrexate or 64 mg OKZ q2w +Methotrexate for 8 weeks. Throughout the double-blind Treatment Period, all subjects were required to remain on a stable dose of background MTX with a stable route of administration. Concomitant treatment with folic acid was required for all subjects. The last dose of OKZ was administered at Week 20 for subjects receiving OKZ 64 mg q4w and at Week 22 for subjects receiving OKZ 64 mg q2w. Following Visit 2 (randomization; Week 0), subjects returned to the study site at least every 2 weeks through Week 24 for response and safety assessments. At Week 14, subjects who did not improve by at least 20% in both swollen and tender joint counts were classified as nonresponders and were administered sulfasalazine and/or hydroxychloroquine as rescue medication in addition to the assigned treatment. After completion of the 24-week double-blind Treatment Period, subjects either rolled over into the long-term open-label extension (OLE) study or entered the Safety Follow-Up Period. During the Safety Follow-Up Period, subjects returned for visits +4, +8, and +22 weeks after the last dose of study treatment. Subjects who discontinued randomized treatment prematurely were required to come for the End of Treatment (EoT) Visit 2 weeks after the last study treatment administration and then continue with the scheduled study visits. Adverse events (AEs) were assessed throughout the study (starting when the subject signed the informed consent form) and evaluated using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0. There was ongoing monitoring of safety events, including laboratory findings, by the Sponsor or the Sponsor's designee. In addition, safety was assessed throughout the study by an independent Data Safety Monitoring Board and potential major adverse cardiac events were evaluated by an independent Cardiovascular Adjudication Committee. The study was conducted at 123 sites across 11 countries globally (in US,EU, Russian Federation, Asia, Latin America)

Enrollment

368 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Subjects may be enrolled in the study only if they meet all of the following criteria. * Subjects willing and able to sign informed consent * Subjects must have a diagnosis of adult onset RA classified by ACR/EULAR 2010 revised classification criteria for RA for at least 24 weeks prior to Screening. (If the subject was diagnosed according to ACR 1987 criteria previously, the Investigator may classify the subject per ACR 2010 retrospectively, using available source data.) * Treatment with oral, SC, or intramuscular (IM) MTX for at least 12 weeks prior to Screening at a dose of 15 to 25 mg/week (or ≥10 mg/week if there is documented intolerance to higher doses) * The dose and means of administering MTX must have been stable for at least 6 weeks prior to Screening. * Subjects must be willing to take folic acid or equivalent throughout the study. * Subjects must have moderately to severely active RA disease as defined by all of the following: * ≥6 tender joints (68 joint count) at Screening and baseline; and * ≥6 swollen joints (66 joint count) at Screening and baseline; and * C-reactive protein (CRP) above Upper limit of normal (ULN) at Screening based on the central laboratory results. * Subjects must have a documented inadequate response to treatment (i.e., TNFi failure) with ≥1 licensed TNFi following at least 12 weeks of therapy with that agent. Inadequate response to treatment is classified as either: * Primary failure: The absence of any documented clinically significant response; or * Secondary failure: Documented initial response with subsequent loss of that response or partial response

Exclusion criteria

* Diagnosis of any other inflammatory arthritis or systemic rheumatic disease (e.g., gout, psoriatic or reactive arthritis, Crohn's disease, Lyme disease, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, or systemic lupus erythematosus) (However, subjects may have secondary Sjogren's syndrome or hypothyroidism.) * Subjects who are Steinbrocker class IV functional capacity (incapacitated, largely or wholly bed-ridden or confined to a wheelchair, with little or no self-care) * Prior exposure to any licensed or investigational compound directly or indirectly targeting Interleukin (IL) 6 or IL 6R (including tofacitinib or other Janus kinases and spleen tyrosine kinase \[SYK\] inhibitors) * Prior treatment with cell depleting therapies including anti CD20 or investigational agents (e.g., CAMPATH, anti CD4, anti CD5, anti CD3, and anti CD19) with the exception of rituximab, which is allowed if it was discontinued at least 24 weeks prior to baseline (rituximab should not be discontinued to facilitate a subject's participation in the study, but should instead have been previously discontinued as part of a subject's medical management of RA). * Prior use of bDMARDs, within the following windows prior to baseline (bDMARDs should not be discontinued to facilitate a subject's participation in the study, but should instead have been previously discontinued as part of a subject's medical management of RA): 1. 4 weeks for etanercept and anakinra 2. 8 weeks for infliximab 3. 10 weeks for adalimumab, certolizumab, and golimumab 4. 12 weeks for abatacept * Use of parenteral and/or intra-articular glucocorticoids within 4 weeks prior to baseline * Use of oral glucocorticoids greater than 10 mg/day prednisone (or equivalent) or change in dosage within 2 weeks prior to baseline * Prior documented history of no response to hydroxychloroquine and sulfasalazine * Prior use of cDMARDs (other than MTX) within the following windows prior to baseline (cDMARDs should not be discontinued to facilitate a subject's participation in the study, but should instead have been previously discontinued as part of a subject's medical management of RA): 1. 4 weeks for sulfasalazine, azathioprine, cyclosporine, hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine, gold, penicillamine, minocycline, or doxycycline 2. 12 weeks for leflunomide unless the subject has completed the following elimination procedure at least 4 weeks prior to baseline: Cholestyramine at a dosage of 8 grams 3 times daily for at least 24 hours, or activated charcoal at a dosage of 50 grams 4 times daily for at least 24 hours 3. 24 weeks for cyclophosphamide * Vaccination with live vaccines in the 6 weeks prior to baseline or planned vaccination with live vaccines during the study * Participation in any other investigational drug study within 30 days or 5 times the terminal half-life of the investigational drug, whichever is longer, prior to baseline * Other treatments for RA (e.g., Prosorba Device/Column) within 6 months prior to baseline * Use of intra-articular hyaluronic acid injections within 4 weeks prior to baseline * Use of non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on unstable dose or switching of NSAIDs within 2 weeks prior to baseline * Previous participation in this study (randomized) or another study of OKZ * Subjects with concurrent acute or chronic viral Hepatitis B or C infection as detected by blood tests at Screening (e.g., positive for hepatitis B surface antigen \[HBsAg\], total hepatitis B core antibody \[anti-HBc\], or hepatitis C virus antibody \[HCV Ab\]) a) subjects who are positive for hepatitis B surface antibodies (anti-HBs), but negative for HBsAg and anti-HBc, will be eligible. * Subjects with HIV infection * Subjects with: 1. Suspected or confirmed current active tuberculosis (TB) disease or a history of active TB disease. 2. Close contact (i.e., sharing the same household or other enclosed environment, such as a social gathering place, workplace, or facility, for extended periods during the day) with an individual with active TB within 1.5 years prior to Screening * Concurrent malignancy or a history of malignancy within the last 5 years (with the exception of successfully treated carcinoma of the cervix in situ and successfully treated basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma not less than 1 year prior to Screening \[and no more than 3 excised skin cancers within the last 5 years prior to Screening\]) * Subjects with any infection requiring oral antibiotic or antiviral therapy in the 2 weeks prior to Screening or at baseline, injectable anti-infective therapy in the last 4 weeks prior to baseline, or serious or recurrent infection with history of hospitalization in the 6 months prior to baseline * Subjects with evidence of disseminated herpes zoster infection, zoster encephalitis, meningitis, or other non-self-limited herpes zoster infections in the 6 months prior to baseline * Subjects with planned surgery during the study or surgery ≤ 4 weeks prior to Screening and from which the subject has not fully recovered, as judged by the Investigator * Subjects with diverticulitis or other symptomatic GI conditions that might predispose the subject to perforations, including subjects with history of such predisposing conditions (e.g., diverticulitis, GI perforation, or ulcerative colitis) * Pre-existing central nervous system demyelinating disorders (e.g., multiple sclerosis and optic neuritis) * History of chronic alcohol or drug abuse as judged by the Investigator * Subjects with a known hypersensitivity to any component of the OKZ drug product or placebo * Subjects with a known hypersensitivity or contraindication to any component of the rescue medication * History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions to human, humanized, or murine monoclonal antibodies * Female subjects who are pregnant, currently lactating, have lactated within the last 12 weeks, or who are planning to become pregnant during the study or within 6 months of the last dose of study treatment * Female subjects of childbearing potential (unless permanent cessation of menstrual periods, determined retrospectively after a woman has experienced 12 months of natural amenorrhea as defined by the amenorrhea with underlying status \[e.g., correlative age\] or 6 months of natural amenorrhea with documented serum follicle-stimulating hormone levels \>40 mIU/mL and estradiol \<20 pg/mL) who are not willing to use a highly effective method of contraception during the study and for at least 6 months after the last administration of study treatment OR Male subjects with partners of childbearing potential not willing to use a highly effective method of contraception during the study and for at least 3 months after the last administration of study treatment. The above information was not intended to contain all considerations relevant to a participant's potential participation in a clinical trial.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

368 participants in 3 patient groups, including a placebo group

Arm 1: Olokizumab q4w
Experimental group
Description:
Olokizumab 64mg subcutaneous q4w + placebo + Methotrexate Olokizumab 64 mg subcutaneous q4w + placebo+ concomitant background therapy (Methotrexate) at a stable dose with a stable route of administration (oral, subcutaneous, or intramuscular) in order to maintain the blind, subjects randomized to receive OKZ q4w received placebo injections at the alternate q4w interval (e.g., Week 2, Week 6, etc.)
Treatment:
Drug: Olokizumab
Drug: Placebo
Arm 2: Olokizumab q2w
Experimental group
Description:
Olokizumab 64mg subcutaneous q2w + Methotrexate 64 mg Olokizumab administered subcutaneously once every 2 weeks + concomitant background therapy (Methotrexate) at a stable dose with a stable route of administration (oral, subcutaneous, or intramuscular)
Treatment:
Drug: Olokizumab
Arm 3: Placebo q2w
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo q2w subcutaneous + Methotrexate Placebo administered subcutaneously once every 2 weeks + concomitant background therapy (Methotrexate) at a stable dose with a stable route of administration (oral, subcutaneous, or intramuscular) Starting at Week 16, all subjects in the placebo group were randomized in a blinded fashion to receive either OKZ 64 mg q2w or OKZ 64 mg q4w; equal numbers of subjects were planned to be assigned to each OKZ treatment group.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

116

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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