Examining the Incidence of Oral Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Shedding and Oral Warts After Beginning HAART in HIV-Infected Adults


AIDS Clinical Trials Group




HIV Infections

Study type


Funder types



1U01AI068636 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
ACTG A5272

Details and patient eligibility


Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) and oral warts are common health concerns for HIV-infected people. This study will examine the frequency of oral HPV DNA shedding and oral warts in HIV-infected people who are enrolled in ACTG A5257 and who are beginning treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).

Full description

Oral HPV infection occurs at a higher rate among HIV-infected people than among the general population. Recent research in the United States and Europe has also found that HIV-infected people have a higher risk of oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer than HIV-uninfected people. In one study, it was found that HPV seropositivity was associated with an increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx (SCCOP). In addition to SCCOP, another HPV-related health concern is oral warts, a condition for which there is no effective treatment. Even after beginning treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), active HPV replication in the mouth and oropharynx may persist in HIV-infected people, leading to an increased risk of SCCOP and oral warts. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the frequency of oral HPV DNA shedding and oral warts in HIV-infected people prior to HAART initiation and at regular time points after HAART initiation. ACTG A5257 is a study that is comparing the effectiveness of three non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-sparing HAART regimens in treatment-naïve participants. This study will enroll participants from the ACTG A5257 study. Participants will attend a baseline study visit at the same time as their ACTG A5257 baseline study visit. At baseline and at Week 4, 16, 24, and 48 study visits, participants will undergo an examination of their mouth, throat wash and saliva collection, and behavioral questionnaires. A blood collection will also occur at Week 24.


500 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Meet inclusion criteria for and be enrolled in ACTG A5257
  • Ability and willingness of participant or legal guardian/representative to provide informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Co-enrollment in A5260s
  • Has begun receiving HAART as part of the A5257 study
  • Has ever received an HPV vaccine or plans to receive an HPV vaccine in the 6 months after study entry

Trial design

500 participants in 1 patient group

ACTG A5257 participants
Participants in this study will also be enrolled in ACTG A5257.

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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