Family-based Crisis Intervention With Suicidal Adolescents in the ED (FBCI)

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Boston Children's Hospital

Status

Completed

Conditions

Suicide

Treatments

Behavioral: Family-Based Crisis Intervention

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02610309
P00000105

Details and patient eligibility

About

The Family Based Crisis Intervention (FBCI) is an emergency psychiatry intervention designed to sufficiently stabilize suicidal adolescents within a single ED visit so that they may return home safely with their families. This study is a randomized clinical trial of FBCI v. TAU in an urban Emergency Department.

Full description

In current practice, treatment as usual (TAU) for suicidal adolescents includes evaluation, with little or no intervention provided in the Emergency Department (ED), and disposition, usually to an inpatient psychiatry unit. The Family Based Crisis Intervention (FBCI) is an emergency psychiatry intervention designed to sufficiently stabilize suicidal adolescents within a single ED visit so that they may return home safely with their families. The intervention works intensively with both the adolescent and the family, so that the caregiver has the knowledge and skills to help the adolescent after discharge. In this study, suicidal adolescents (ages 13-18) and their families presenting for psychiatric evaluation to a large pediatric ED were randomized to receive FBCI or treatment as usual (TAU). Patients and caregivers completed self-report measures of suicidality, family empowerment, and satisfaction with care provided at pre-test, post-test, and 3 follow up time-points over a one-month period. Clinicians contacted the adolescent and caregiver at these timepoints to administer the questionnaires and assure safety planning was being carried out.

Enrollment

143 patients

Sex

All

Ages

13 to 18 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • adolescent presenting to the ED with suicidality
  • presence of a consenting parent or legal guardian with whom the adolescent resided.

Exclusion criteria

  • either adolescent or parent/guardian lacked fluency in English;
  • adolescent was not medically stable, including intoxication;
  • adolescent demonstrated cognitive limitations prohibiting completion of research instruments;
  • adolescent presented with active psychosis;
  • adolescent required physical or medication restraint in the ED.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

143 participants in 2 patient groups

Family-Based Crisis Intervention
Experimental group
Description:
The Family-Based Crisis Intervention (FBCI) is a single-session intervention that takes place in the Emergency Department. Adolescents randomized to the experimental condition received a standard psychiatric evaluation followed by the experimental intervention. FBCI was administered by licensed psychiatric social workers who were trained in the intervention. The research clinician provided FBCI to the suicidal adolescent and his/her parent(s)/guardian(s) in a 60-90 minute session in which she helped the adolescent and family develop a joint crisis narrative of the problem and taught them cognitive-behavioral skill-building, therapeutic readiness, psycho-education about depression, and safety planning.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Family-Based Crisis Intervention
Treatment As Usual
No Intervention group
Description:
Treatment as usual included an emergency psychiatry evaluation (standard care).

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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