Fear of Childbirth (Tokophobia) - Etiology, Essence and Clinical Implications

T

Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Phobias

Treatments

Behavioral: Psychological Treatment
Behavioral: Group Therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00801970
TASMC-08-MB-0064-CTIL

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is twofold: to understand the etiology and the essence of fear of childbirth to examine the implications and efficiency of several forms of psychological therapy.

Full description

Fear of childbirth (Tokophobia) is inconsistently defined in the research literature: some define it as an anxiety disorder while it is often defined as a form of phobia; some regard only the pre-pregnancy period, some regard the anxiety during pregnancy and some focus on the labor process. Despite the high prevalence (between 13%-20% of fertile women), research in this area is scarce and the current findings are incohesive due to various conceptualizations of the phenomenon and to various measurement methods.

Enrollment

150 estimated patients

Sex

Female

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

subjective diagnosis of tokophobia

Exclusion criteria

  • currently undergoing psychological therapy
  • Major Depression
  • Acute Anxiety
  • Psychosis
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Suicidal
  • Substance abuse
  • Non-compliant personality disorder
  • Health problems during pregnancy that affect perception

Trial design

150 participants in 4 patient groups

1 - Pregnant - Tokophobic
Experimental group
Description:
Psychoanalysis treatment.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Psychological Treatment
2 - Pregnant - Tokophobic
Experimental group
Description:
Cognitive-Behavioral treatment.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Psychological Treatment
3 - Non-pregnant - Tokophobic
Experimental group
Description:
Group Therapy
Treatment:
Behavioral: Group Therapy
4 - Control
No Intervention group
Description:
Pregnant and non-pregnant non-tokophobic women will answer questionnaires. Won't receive therapy.

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Shulamit Ben-Itzhak, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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