Feasibility Study on the Use of Mindfulness-based Intervention for Family Carers of People With Dementia


The Hong Kong Polytechnic University




Dependency Burden
Stress, Psychological


Behavioral: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)
Behavioral: Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The aim of this study is to examine which mindfulness-based intervention protocol, MBCT or MBSR, is more suited for use among local carers of people with dementia (PWD), as measured by better mental health outcomes in PWD such as reductions in stress and improvements in mental well-being.

Full description

60 subjects will be recruited in the community and randomized into either the MBCT or MBSR group. Both MBSR and MBCT will be delivered through a face-to-face teaching session followed by regular telephone follow-ups. The primary outcome measures of the dementia caregivers will be stress with Perceived Stress Scale (PSS; Cohen & Williamson, 1988). The secondary outcome measures of the dementia caregiver will be 1) anxiety with Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS; Zigmon & Snaith, 1983), 2) depression with Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD; Radloff, 1977), and 3) burden with Zarit Burden Inventory (ZBI; Zarit, Reever, & Bach-Peterson, 1980). The control measure will be their level of mastery of the five facets mindfulness with Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ; Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, & Toney, 2006). Focus group interviews with each group of participants will be conducted post-intervention to explore their experiences and perceptions. Data will be collected at baseline (T0), at 2 months (the mid-point of the intervention; T1), 4 months (immediately after the intervention; T2), and 7 months (the follow-up assessment; T3). Adherence rates, response rates, and drop-out rates will be collected and analyzed. The triangulation of both qualitative and quantitative data will be performed to determine the suitability and benefits of MBSR and MBCT for carers of PWD in the local setting.


53 patients




18+ years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

one participant (family carer) for each PWD (dementia of any type) living in the community

Inclusion Criteria for the family carer:

  • is the primary carer
  • of an adult with a confirmed diagnosis of dementia.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • has a major active psychiatric illness such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia.
  • is currently undergoing cancer treatment.
  • has severe chronic pain (lasting more than six months).

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Double Blind

53 participants in 2 patient groups

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction
Experimental group
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is developed by Jon Kabat-Zinn in 1979 (Kabat-Zinn, 1990). It is an eight-week Program that includes practices such as gentle mindful movement (awareness of the body), a body scan (to systematically nurture awareness of the body region by region), and sitting meditation (awareness of the breath to include the four foundations of mindfulness, namely, body, feeling tone, mental state, and mental content) (Cullen, 2011).
Behavioral: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy
Experimental group
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), developed by Zindel Segal, Mark Williams and John Teasdale, employs a cognitive theoretical framework (Cullen, 2011; Segal, Williams, & Teasdale, 2002). It is also delivered as an eight-session group treatment. The first four sessions teach the fundamental concepts and skills of the practice of mindfulness. The remaining four sessions teach the individual how to notice his/her own thoughts and the impact of such thoughts on his/her own physical and emotional experiences.
Behavioral: Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems