FIT in Diverticulitis

R

Royal Surrey County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Diverticulitis
Colorectal Cancer

Treatments

Diagnostic Test: Faecal immunochemical test for haemoglobin, faecal calprotectin, faecal microbiome

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06210724
323724 (Other Identifier)
55623 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

Background and study aims Diverticular disease or diverticulosis is a benign disease of the colon. Anatomically this is formation of pockets of bowel wall which protrude through weaknesses in the muscular wall of the colon. The mechanisms leading to their formation remains unclear and is likely a complex interaction of multiple factors. For the majority of people these pockets are incidental findings but for some they can cause symptoms or a segment of colon containing them can become inflamed which is called acute diverticulitis. The main aim of this study is to see if a faecal samples, which will be tested for hidden blood content with a faecal immunochemical test for haemoglobin (FIT), could be used as an alternative to currently used follow-up investigations for patients who have an episode of acute diverticulitis confirmed on a computerised tomography (CT) scan. These are colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy or a special CT called CT colonoscopy. We will also be doing a test called faecal calprotectin which is a marker of bowel inflammation and an assessment of the microbes that live in the bowel to see if this will provide further insights into the diagnosis and treatment of diverticulitis. Who can participate? All patients 18 or over admitted to a participating hospital with acute diverticulitis confirmed on a CT scan and who planned to have one of the currently used follow-up investigations are eligible. What does the study involve? The study will involve taking three stool (faecal) samples using faecal testing kits posted to participants. One is on their first solid stool after diagnosis (or as early as possible if their first solid stool is before receiving this pack), the others are at 3 weeks after diagnosis and then 6 weeks after diagnosis. What are the possible benefits and risks of participating? There are no risks of participating. FIT testing has been used in cancer screening now for a number of years and we hope to demonstrate that a negative FIT test for patients after acute diverticulitis will be able to exclude a bowel cancer and prevent the majority of future patients having invasive and time consuming tests. There no additional benefit for participants for their current episode, as they will still need to have these tests. Where is the study run from? Royal Surrey County Hospital When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for? 09/10/2023-30/09/2024 Who is funding the study? The study is being funded by MATTU (Minimal Access Therapy Training Unit), GUTS (GUTS - Fighting Bowel Cancer) and NHIR (National Institute for Health and Care Research). Who is the main contact? James Norman On the study email rsch.colorectalDfitstudy@nhs.net

Full description

What is the purpose of the study? The main aim of this study is to see if a faecal immunochemical test (FIT), could be used as an alternative to currently used follow-up investigations, of colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy or CT (computerised tomography) colonography, for patients who have an episode of acute diverticulitis to exclude a colorectal cancer (CRC). As stated in the ASCPGBI consensus guidelines 2021 the risk of CRC in those with CT diagnosed uncomplicated diverticulitis is 1.6-1.9% and in those with complicated diverticulitis 7.8-10.9%. Our primary aim is to determine whether single, or multiple faecal haemoglobin and faecal calprotectin results after an episode of acute diverticulitis can be used to risk stratify for further investigations to exclude colorectal cancer. Our secondary aims are: To determine whether single, or multiple faecal haemoglobin and faecal calprotectin results after an episode of acute diverticulitis could be used to risk stratify for further investigations to exclude other colonic findings such as high-risk adenoma? Would including demographic factors such as age or anaemia allow better risk stratification? Assess the faecal microbiome in patients with acute diverticulitis and how it changes as inflammation settles. Any antibiotic treatment will also be recorded and the effect on the faecal microbiome analysed. Inclusion criteria: Computerised tomography diagnosis of acute diverticulitis Participants capable of giving informed consent Aged ≥ 18 years Planned for colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy or CT colonoscopy after diverticulitis diagnosis Exclusion criteria: Paediatric patients (<18 years) Not provided at least 1 FIT sample Unable to/unwilling to provide informed consent Withdrawal of consent for inclusion in study Previous pan-proctocolectomy, subtotal colectomy surgery, or presence of stoma Diagnosed with colorectal cancer Mental health illness limiting compliance Treated in hospital with colonic resection Did not have colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy or CT colonoscopy Recruitment: Patients who attend hospital with a diagnosis of acute diverticulitis confirmed on a CT scan and who have had a clinical decision to follow-up with either a colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy or CT colonography will be approached for written consent to participate. Patients will then be posted a patient information leaflet and a pack with collection devices to take samples at home and post back. The results of their follow-up investigation (colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy or CT colonography + any histology) will be collected when completed Involvement for patients will involve collecting and posting back in pre-paid envelopes faecal samples on their first solid stool (or as soon as possible after diagnosis) and at 3 and 6 weeks post-diagnosis. Sample size: 275 - Estimated using available data on diverticulitis and stratified data from FIT use in 2WW patients.

Enrollment

275 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Computerised tomography diagnosis of acute diverticulitis
  • Participants capable of giving informed consent
  • Aged ≥ 18 years
  • Clinical decision for colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy or CT colonoscopy follow-up after diverticulitis diagnosis

Exclusion criteria

  • Paediatric patients (<18 years)
  • Not provided at least 1 faecal sample
  • Unable to/unwilling to provide informed consent
  • Withdrawal of consent for inclusion in study
  • Previous pan-proctocolectomy, subtotal colectomy surgery, or presence of stoma
  • Currently being treated for colorectal cancer
  • Mental health illness limiting compliance
  • Treated in hospital with colonic resection
  • Did not have colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy or CT colonoscopy

Trial design

275 participants in 1 patient group

Study cohort
Description:
In addition to standard of care, three faecal samples will be obtained. On as soon as possible after diagnosis, one at three weeks post diagnosis and one at six.
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: Faecal immunochemical test for haemoglobin, faecal calprotectin, faecal microbiome

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Laura Gordon; James Norman, BMBS, MRCP

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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