Flapless Mops for Acceleration of Canine Retraction

A

Ahmed Akram Elawady

Status

Completed

Conditions

Bimaxillary Protrusion
Dental Malocclusions
Angle Class II, Division 1

Treatments

Procedure: Micro-osteoperforation

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04383600
100

Details and patient eligibility

About

The aim of the present clinical study was directed to evaluate the effectiveness of micro-osteoperforations on the rate of canine retraction; in addition, the potential risk for root resorption during maxillary canine retraction.

Full description

The aim of the present clinical study was directed to evaluate the effectiveness of micro-osteoperforations on the rate of canine retraction; in addition, the potential risk for root resorption during maxillary canine retraction. This study was conducted on a total sample of 24 canines of 12 patients, 8 females and 4 males, with mean age was 16.17 ± 2.29 years old who required therapeutic extraction of maxillary 1st premolars and canine retraction. They were selected randomly from the Outpatient Clinic, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine (Boys), Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt. Both maxillary canines, in each patient, were randomly assigned to either an experimental side or the control side in a simple split-mouth design. In the experimental side, micro-osteoperforations was performed distal to the maxillary canine before starting retraction, while the canines in the contralateral control side were retracted without micro-osteoperforations. Extraction was done at the start of the treatment, and before fitting of the orthodontic appliance. Then upper dental arches were leveled and aligned using conventional sequences of wires. Three flapless micro-osteoperforations was performed by using orthodontic miniscrews distal to the maxillary canines in the experimental side before starting retraction. Each perforation was 1.6 mm in diameter and 3-4 mm depth into the bone. Canines were completely retracted on 0.016 × 0.022 ̋ stainless steel wires by using closed coil spring delivered 150 gm force. Patients were followed up every 28 days until complete canine retraction. Routine orthodontic records were obtained for each patient before treatment. Additionally, a full skull CBCT images were taken before treatment and immediately after canine retraction. The rate of canine retraction was assessed clinically; in addition, cone beam CT (CBCT) scans were used to assess the amount of canine retraction root length changes. Also anchorage loss of first permanent molars were assessed. The treatment results were compared clinically and radiographically (CBCT).

Enrollment

12 patients

Sex

All

Ages

14 to 18 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • An age ranged between 14 to 18 years.
  • Class II division 1 malocclusion or Class I bimaxillary protrusion with mild or no crowding. Wherever crowding was present, it was symmetrical on both sides of the arch.
  • Patients who diagnosed to require extraction of at least maxillary first premolars bilaterally as a part of their treatment plan.
  • Complete permanent dentition (3rdmolars were not included).
  • Good oral and general health.
  • No history of periodontal problems.
  • No therapeutic intervention planned involving intermaxillary or other intraoral or extraoral appliances during the study period.

Exclusion criteria

  • Blocked out or impacted maxillary canines.
  • Transverse and/or vertical skeletal dysplasia or craniofacial anomalies.
  • Systemic diseases or regular use of medications that could interfere with orthodontic treatment.
  • Previous orthodontic treatment.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

12 participants in 2 patient groups

Conventional side
No Intervention group
Description:
Canine retraction was commenced without micro-osteoperforations.
Mops side
Experimental group
Description:
Canine retraction was commenced with micro-osteoperforations.
Treatment:
Procedure: Micro-osteoperforation

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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