Fluorothymidine F-18 PET in Diagnosing Patients With Intermediate or High Grade Soft Tissue Sarcoma

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OHSU Knight Cancer Institute

Status and phase

Early Phase 1


Stage II Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Stage IIC Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Stage III Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Stage IIA Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Stage IV Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Stage IIB Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma


Drug: Fluorothymidine F-18
Procedure: Positron Emission Tomography
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis

Study type


Funder types



P01CA042045 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
STUDY00016373 (Other Identifier)
NCI-2017-00833 (Registry Identifier)
P30CA069533 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility


This pilot early phase I trial studies how well fluorothymidine F-18 positron emission tomography (PET) works in imaging patients with intermediate or high grade soft tissue sarcoma. Fluorothymidine F-18 PET may provide useful information about the tumor's response to treatment and may give the doctors early results that would better help to plan the post-surgical therapy.

Full description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine fluorothymidine F-18 (¹⁸F-FLT) uptake parameters before and after radiotherapy. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To correlate ¹⁸F-FLT uptake post-radiotherapy scan with pathologic response. II. To correlate levels the mitotic index in surgical specimens with the ¹⁸F-FLT uptake in post-radiation scans. III. To correlate ¹⁸F-FLT uptake both pre- and post-radiotherapy with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enhancement both within and around the tumor. TERTIARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare ¹⁸F-FLT uptake and fludeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG) uptake when FDG-PET-computed tomography (CT) is available, pre-radiation, post-radiation, or both. II. To compare ¹⁸F-FLT uptake in post-radiation scans with local recurrences looking for spatial correlation. OUTLINE: Patients receive fluorothymidine F-18 intravenously (IV) over 1 minute and undergo PET scan over 60 minutes 21 or less days prior to standard of care radiation therapy and 14 or less days prior to the standard of care surgery. After completion of study, patients are followed up for 2 years.




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Participants must have histological evidence of an intermediate or high grade soft tissue sarcoma (STS) of any stage
  • Participants must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension as >= 1 cm with CT scan or MRI
  • Prior resection is allowed if there is measurable gross disease and the subject plans to have neoadjuvant radiotherapy followed by resection
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 4, Karnofsky performance status >= 40%
  • Creatinine =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULM)
  • Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) =< 3 x ULN
  • Participants should be willing and able to have both PET-CT scans
  • Participants should be eligible for and plan to undergo neoadjuvant radiation therapy and should be seen by a radiation oncologist prior to beginning the study; radiation at an outside facility will be allowed
  • Participants should be eligible for and plan to have resection with a surgeon specializing in STS at Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) and should be seen by said surgeon prior to beginning the study
  • Participants should have a life expectancy that is greater than the study duration
  • Participants should be willing to use adequate contraception from the time of the first PET-CT scan to 2 months after radiotherapy finishes; should a woman become pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Women with childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test before each PET-CT scan
  • Participants should have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Participants must sign a study specific consent form prior to registration

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection or significant inflammation at treatment site or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or whose lab values do not meet the criteria above are excluded
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study
  • Breast feeding women are excluded from this study
  • Patients receiving chemotherapy during the course of radiation are excluded
  • Patients whose weights exceed the tolerance of the table are excluded; the weight limit at OHSU is 450 pounds (lbs)

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

0 participants in 1 patient group

Diagnostic (fluorothymidine F-18 PET)
Experimental group
Patients receive fluorothymidine F-18 IV over 1 minute and undergo PET scan over 60 minutes 21 or less days prior to standard of care radiation therapy and 14 or less days prior to the standard of care surgery.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Procedure: Positron Emission Tomography
Drug: Fluorothymidine F-18

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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