fMRI Study of Treatment Changes in Major Depression

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The Washington University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Major Depression
Treatment

Treatments

Drug: Sertraline
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT01027559
DDTR A3-NSI (Other Grant/Funding Number)
081348
R01MH064821 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
2R01MH064821-05A2 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The overall purposes of this research are to determine if Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has the same healing effect on the brain for people with depression as traditional antidepressants do, and in comparison to healthy controls with no history of depression, to find out more about the causes of depression including differences in the extent of problems caused by depression. We hypothesize that CBT will have the same healing effect on the brain as antidepressants; that differences in brain activations created by the various tasks and genetic differences will help us understand differences in the type and severity of symptoms among the depressed subjects.

Full description

The overall purposes of this research are to determine if Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has the same healing effect on the brain for people with depression as traditional antidepressants do, to find out more about the causes of depression and why people differ in the extent of problems caused by depression, and to determine if certain differences in genes within populations are related to clinical symptoms.Genes we are examining for this study are COMT, BDNF, and 5-HTT long arm and short arm, as well as future genes that may be discovered to play a role in depression at a later time, and will be determined by examining saliva and blood samples. We are primarily studying depression by functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) which allows us to identify certain parts of the brain that show how the brain works in controlling negative feelings. Participants will be imaged while performing different tasks that are believed to activate emotional circuitry of the brain. Comparisons of activation patterns across these tasks will be used to characterize the cognitive mechanisms supported by different cortical regions, and to determine patterns of functional brain deficits in subjects with depression. Comparisons will also be made between changes that occur after treatment with an approved antidepressant and treatment with CBT.

Enrollment

97 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 50 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

DEPRESSED GROUP:

Inclusion criteria:

  • Age 18-50
  • DSM-IV criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD)
  • Minimum Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD) score > 18
  • Right handed
  • Capacity to give informed consent and follow study procedures
  • English speaking

Exclusion criteria:

  • Cannot give informed consent
  • Significant handicaps (e.g. visual or hearing loss, mental retardation) that would interfere with testing procedures
  • Does not speak English
  • Known primary neurological disorders
  • Any other factor that in the investigators judgment may affect patient safety or compliance (e.g. distance greater than 100 miles from clinic)
  • MRI contraindications e.g. foreign metallic implants, pacemaker
  • Known allergy or hypersensitivity to sertraline
  • Active suicidality
  • Severe or unstable medical illness or conditions or drugs that may cause depression
  • Any of the following diagnosed by DSM-IV: alcohol or substance abuse disorder, schizophrenia or other psychotic disorder, bipolar disorder, psychotic features of depression, current obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) or panic disorder. In general, subjects with a history of other Axis I disorders prior to their depression will be excluded.
  • Current episode has failed to respond to adequate trials of two prior antidepressants for at least 6 weeks at therapeutic doses.
  • Treatment with sertraline for at least one month in past 3 months.
  • Current use of psychotropic prescription or nonprescription drugs or herbals (e.g. hypericum) except for limited use of certain hypnotics.
  • Current psychotherapy
  • Treatment with psychotropic drugs or drugs that affect the CNS such as beta-blockers or mood stabilizers.

CONTROL GROUP:

Inclusion criteria:

  • Age 18-50
  • No history of MDD
  • HAMD score < 7
  • Right handed
  • Capacity to give informed consent and follow study procedures
  • English speaking

Exclusion criteria:

  • Cannot give informed consent
  • Significant handicaps (e.g. visual or hearing loss, mental retardation) that would interfere with testing procedures
  • Does not speak English
  • Known primary neurological disorders
  • Any other factor that in the investigators judgment may affect patient safety or compliance (e.g. distance greater than 100 miles from clinic)
  • MRI contraindications e.g. foreign metallic implants, pacemaker
  • Severe or unstable medical illness or conditions or drugs that may cause depression
  • Any of the following diagnosed by DSM-IV: alcohol or substance abuse disorder, schizophrenia or other psychotic disorder, bipolar disorder, major depression, OCD or panic disorder.
  • Current use of psychotropic prescription or nonprescription drugs or herbals (e.g. hypericum) except for limited use of certain hypnotics.
  • Treatment with psychotropic drugs or drugs that affect the CNS such as beta-blockers or mood stabilizers.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Other

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

97 participants in 3 patient groups

Depressed Group: CBT
Active Comparator group
Description:
Depressed participants randomized to receive Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for treatment. A fMRI scan session will occur immediately prior to starting treatment, and their second fMRI scan will occur immediately following the completion of 12 weeks of therapy.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Healthy Control Group
No Intervention group
Description:
Healthy controls will an fMRI scan session and their second fMRI scan session will occur approximately 12 weeks after.
Depressed Group: SRT
Active Comparator group
Description:
Depressed participants randomized to receive the antidepressant sertraline (SRT) for treatment. A fMRI scan session will occur immediately prior to starting treatment, and their second fMRI scan will occur immediately following the completion of 12 weeks of therapy.
Treatment:
Drug: Sertraline

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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