FR901228 in Treating Children With Refractory or Recurrent Solid Tumors or Leukemia

National Cancer Institute (NCI) logo

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Status and phase

Phase 1


Childhood Low-grade Cerebral Astrocytoma
Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recurrent Childhood Ependymoma
Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Childhood High-grade Cerebral Astrocytoma
Childhood Supratentorial Ependymoma
Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumor
Childhood Infratentorial Ependymoma
Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Childhood Grade III Meningioma
Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Recurrent Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma
Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Childhood Grade II Meningioma
Childhood Choroid Plexus Tumor
Recurrent Childhood Brain Stem Glioma
Recurrent Childhood Medulloblastoma
Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Recurrent Childhood Cerebellar Astrocytoma
Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma
Childhood Spinal Cord Neoplasm
Childhood Grade I Meningioma
Childhood Craniopharyngioma
Recurrent Childhood Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor
Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific


Drug: romidepsin

Study type


Funder types



CDR0000269671 (Registry Identifier)
U01CA097452 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility


This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of FR901228 in treating children with refractory or recurrent solid tumors or leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die

Full description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of FR901228 (depsipeptide) in pediatric patients with refractory or recurrent solid tumors. II. Determine the dose-limiting toxic effects of this drug in these patients. III. Determine the pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients. IV. Assess tolerability of this drug at the solid tumor MTD in patients with refractory or recurrent leukemia. V. Determine, preliminarily, the antitumor activity of this drug in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study. Patients receive FR901228 (depsipeptide) IV over 4 hours on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients with solid tumors receive escalating doses of FR901228 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Cohorts of 3 patients (6 patients total) with leukemia receive FR901228 as above at the MTD. Patients are followed for survival.


30 patients




Under 21 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Histologically confirmed malignancy

Extracranial solid tumors or brain tumors*

Diagnosis of leukemia allowed after maximum tolerated dose is determined, including any of the following:

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • Acute myelogenous leukemia
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis
  • Disease must be refractory to conventional therapy or no effective conventional therapy exists
  • CNS tumors resulting in neurological deficits must be stable for 2 weeks before study entry
  • Performance status - Karnofsky 60-100% (over 10 years old)
  • Performance status - Lansky 60-100% (10 years old and under)
  • At least 8 weeks
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm^3 (for solid tumor patients without bone marrow involvement)
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3 (for solid tumor patients without bone marrow involvement; platelet transfusion independent) OR 20,000/mm^3 (for leukemia patients; platelet transfusion allowed)
  • Hemoglobin at least 8.0 g/dL (RBC transfusions allowed)
  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • ALT no greater than 5 times ULN
  • Albumin at least 2 g/dL
  • Glomerular filtration rate at least 70 mL/min

Creatinine based on age as follows:

  • No greater than 0.8 mg/dL (for patients 5 years of age and under)
  • No greater than 1.0 mg/dL (for patients 6 to 10 years of age)
  • No greater than 1.2 mg/dL (for patients 11 to 15 years of age)
  • No greater than 1.5 mg/dL (for patients over 15 years of age)
  • Calcium normal (with or without supplementation)
  • Shortening fraction at least 27% by echocardiogram OR ejection fraction at least 50% by MUGA
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia
  • QTc less than 450 msec
  • No evidence of dyspnea at rest
  • No exercise intolerance
  • Pulse oximetry greater than 94%
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 1 month after completion of study treatment
  • Magnesium and potassium normal (with or without supplementation)
  • No uncontrolled seizure disorder
  • No uncontrolled infection
  • No graft-vs-host disease
  • No seizure disorder unless well controlled and not on enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants
  • At least 1 week since prior growth factors
  • At least 3 weeks since prior biologic therapy or immunotherapy and recovered
  • At least 6 months since prior allogeneic stem cell transplantation
  • No concurrent routine prophylactic growth factors
  • At least 3 weeks since prior myelosuppressive chemotherapy (4 weeks for nitrosoureas) and recovered
  • No prior FR901228 (depsipeptide)
  • No other concurrent anticancer chemotherapy
  • Concurrent dexamethasone for CNS tumors allowed if on stable dose or decreasing dose for at least 1 week before study entry
  • Recovered from prior radiotherapy
  • At least 2 weeks since prior local palliative radiotherapy (small port)
  • At least 6 months since prior craniospinal radiotherapy or radiotherapy to at least 50% of pelvis
  • At least 6 weeks since other prior substantial bone marrow radiation
  • More than a 5 half-life washout period since prior and no concurrent medications associated with prolongation of QTc interval
  • No concurrent enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants
  • No concurrent hydrochlorothiazide
  • No other concurrent investigational drugs

Trial design

30 participants in 1 patient group

Arm I
Experimental group
Patients receive FR901228 (depsipeptide) IV over 4 hours on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: romidepsin

Trial contacts and locations



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