Fractional Carbon Dioxide Laser: A Novel Therapeutic Option for Lichen Simplex Chronicus

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Cairo University (CU)

Status

Not yet enrolling

Conditions

Lichen Simplex Chronicus

Treatments

Drug: Vaseline Topical Product
Device: SmartXide® fractional carbon dioxide laser
Drug: Betamethasone Valerate 0.1% Cream

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06267066
MD-232-2022

Details and patient eligibility

About

The goal of this randomized control trial is to compare the use of fractional carbon dioxide (Co2) laser to topical corticosteroids to treat lichen simplex chronicus (LSC) patients presenting to Dermatology outpatient clinic, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University. Participants will: Be assessed clinically by doctor Biopsies will be taken from them by doctor Receive treatment as laser or topical steroids or both Fill in depression questionnaire. Researchers will divide and compare groups as follows: Sixty patients will be divided randomly through closed envelop technique into 2 groups (Group A and B) each of 30 patients. Group A will be subdivided into 2 groups (1 and 2). All LSC lesions will be treated in any patient having multiple lesions. Group 1 - A: Patients will receive 3 monthly laser sessions, in addition to the use of topical emollients only once daily in between the sessions. Group 2 - A: Patients will receive 3 monthly laser sessions, in addition to topical steroids twice daily and topical emollient once daily in between the sessions. Group B: Patients will be prescribed topical steroids twice daily and topical emollient once daily for 3 months. to see if: Pruritus severity scale. Scaling, erythema, lichenification excoriation scores Visual analogue scale. Investigator's Global Assessment. Itching mediators (Interleukin-31, Nerve Growth Factor and Substance P assays (itching mediators) Depression improve more in which group of patients after treatment.

Full description

All the patients were subjected to the following: I. Before treatment: A. Consent: An informed written consent will be signed by each patient before enrolment in the study. B. Detailed history taking : • Personal history: name, age, sex, skin type, occupation, residence, marital status, and smoking. History of present illness: onset, course, duration of disease, precipitating factors and any medications. Past history of any associated systemic or dermatological diseases. Family history of any dermatological disease e.g. psoriasis, atopic dermatitis,….etc. Drug history. C. Skin biopsy: Two 3 mm punch biopsies will be taken from the lesion from each patient under local anesthesia using (Lidocaine®). One for histopathology to confirm diagnosis of LSC and the other for measuring itching mediators in the lesion before treatment by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)). Another biopsy will be taken from a non lesional skin from same patient for measuring itching mediators by ELISA. Biopsies for ELISA will be stored at -20 degree celsius in eppendorfs with 3 ml phosphate buffer saline (PBS) added to each eppendorf. Tissue samples with PBS will be homogenized by a grinder, then centrifuged for 20 minutes at 3000 revolutions per minute (rpm) speed, the supernatant will be removed to be added to the ELISA kit wells for Human Interleukin-31, Nerve Growth Factor and Substance P assays (itching mediators) D. Clinical assessment: Pruritus severity scale. Scaling, erythema, lichenification excoriation scores Visual analogue scale. Investigator's Global Assessment. E. Depression assessment: Beck Depression Inventory questionnaire will be used to assess the depression in each patient . F. Therapeutic Intervention: Patients will be divided as discussed before. - Topical steroids used will be a moderate potency topical steroid. Fractional carbon dioxide laser sessions for groups A (1 and 2) by laser machine. Parameters of laser session: (Parameters will be adjusted according to skin type, lesion thickness and condition) Power 15 to 20 watt according to skin color. Dwell time 800 to1000 milliseconds. Spacing 600 micrometers. Stack 2 II. After treatment: A. Assessment of biochemical efficacy (measuring itching mediators after treatment): After one month from the last session for group A and after one month from stoppage of steroids for group B, a skin biopsy from the plaque (from a nearby site to the former one) will be taken as discussed before for ELISA. B. Assessment of clinical efficacy by scores as discussed before. C. Depression assessment: Beck Depression Inventory questionnaire will be repeated. D. Assessment of safety: Assessment of side effects of laser and their treatment: Erythema, burning sensation, PIH, pruritus and/or pixilation. • Assessment of side effects of topical corticosteroids and their treatment: Atrophy, telangiectasia, hypopigmentation, hypertrichosis, purpura, ulceration, irritation, secondary infection. • Assessment of side effects of skin biopsy and their treatment: Bleeding, secondary infection and/or Scarring.

Enrollment

60 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Patients with LSC with no underlying dermatological disease, not on topical or systemic treatment for at least 4 weeks prior to study.

Exclusion criteria

  • Pregnant and lactating females.
  • Patients who are diagnosed with any systemic disease that can result in generalized pruritus (e.g. hepatic, renal, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, thyroid,….etc ) from history.
  • Patients with contraindications to laser e.g., keloidal tendency, post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).
  • Patients with dermatological disease (e.g. psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, ….etc)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

60 participants in 3 patient groups

Topical Corticosteroids
Active Comparator group
Description:
Patients will be prescribed topical steroids cream twice daily and topical emollient once daily for 3 months.
Treatment:
Drug: Betamethasone Valerate 0.1% Cream
Drug: Vaseline Topical Product
Fractional carbon dioxide
Active Comparator group
Description:
Patients will receive 3 monthly laser sessions, in addition to the use of topical emollients only once daily in between the sessions.
Treatment:
Device: SmartXide® fractional carbon dioxide laser
Drug: Vaseline Topical Product
Combined topical corticosteroids and Laser
Active Comparator group
Description:
Patients will receive 3 monthly laser sessions, in addition to topical steroids twice daily and topical emollient once daily in between the sessions.
Treatment:
Drug: Betamethasone Valerate 0.1% Cream
Device: SmartXide® fractional carbon dioxide laser
Drug: Vaseline Topical Product

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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