Freeze All Strategy Versus Fresh Embryo Transfer After GnRH Analogue Trigger

I

Istituto Clinico Humanitas

Status

Completed

Conditions

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome
Pregnancy Related

Treatments

Behavioral: obstetric outcomes after fresh versus cryopreserved embryo transfer

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05362734
999

Details and patient eligibility

About

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is one of the most dangerous complications of assisted reproduction technology (ART), described in approximatively 3 to 10% of stimulation cycles although an underestimation of the real incidence has been suggested. The use in clinical practice of GnRH antagonist has made it possible to perform the trigger with GnRH analogues, with the advantage of considerably reducing the risk of OHSS.

Full description

The main concerns about the trigger with analogue are about obstetric outcomes, since it may increase the Abortion Rate (AR) and reduce the Ongoing Pregnancy Rate (OPR) due to luteal phase deficiency, and on the other hand about oocyte quality and competence. While in order to maximize the chance of pregnancy at fresh embryo transfer after GnRHa trigger, several studies have focused on the importance of luteal phase support, other authors suggest that the best strategy is freeze-all: cryopreservation of all the obtained embryos and subsequent single embryo transfers. However, data about oocyte quality, retrieval rate, pregnancy rate and reduced occurrence of complications such as OHSS, especially on the very first embryo transfer, are still scarce.

Enrollment

1,396 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

20 to 45 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • patients undergoing ART cycle with antagonist protocol stimulation and trigger with GnRH agonist
  • patients are believed at risk of OHSS at time of trigger based on size and number of follicles developed (≥18 follicles with diameter 12 mm at induction).

Exclusion criteria

  • hypogonadotropic hypogonadism
  • other ART protocols
  • any patient that underwent freeze-all strategy in order to perform pre-implantation genetic testing (PGT)
  • oncological or deferring motherhood freezing procedures

Trial design

1,396 participants in 2 patient groups

First fresh embryo transfer (group A)
Description:
The two groups analysed were defined according to the modality of first embryo transfer: cycles in which a fresh ET was performed at first, after a dual triggering or a rescue protocol (Group A) and cycles where a frozen-thawed ET was performed at first, after being chosen a freeze-all strategy (Group B).
Treatment:
Behavioral: obstetric outcomes after fresh versus cryopreserved embryo transfer
First cryopreserved embryo transfer (group B)
Description:
The two groups analysed were defined according to the modality of first embryo transfer: cycles in which a fresh ET was performed at first, after a dual triggering or a rescue protocol (Group A) and cycles where a frozen-thawed ET was performed at first, after being chosen a freeze-all strategy (Group B).
Treatment:
Behavioral: obstetric outcomes after fresh versus cryopreserved embryo transfer

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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