Gemcitabine and Radiation Therapy Compared With Gemcitabine Alone in Treating Patients Who Have Undergone Surgery for Pancreatic Cancer

E

European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3
Phase 2

Conditions

Pancreatic Cancer

Treatments

Procedure: adjuvant therapy
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Radiation: radiation therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NETWORK

Identifiers

NCT00064207
EORTC-40013-22012
FFCD-0304
EORTC-40013
EORTC-22012
EU-20540

Details and patient eligibility

About

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy such as gemcitabine use different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving these treatments after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery. It is not yet known whether giving gemcitabine together with radiation therapy is more effective than gemcitabine alone following surgery in treating pancreatic cancer. PURPOSE: This randomized phase II/III trial is studying how well giving gemcitabine together with radiation therapy works and compares it to gemcitabine alone in treating patients who have undergone surgery for pancreatic cancer.

Full description

OBJECTIVES: Phase II: Determine the feasibility of gemcitabine followed by chemoradiotherapy with gemcitabine vs gemcitabine alone after prior curative resection in patients with pancreatic head adenocarcinoma. Compare the tolerability of these regimens, in terms of acute and late toxicity, in these patients. Phase III: Compare the disease-free and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens . Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens. Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients. Determine the sites of recurrence in patients treated with these regimens. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to ECOG/WHO performance status (0-1 vs 2), participating center, and N stage (N0 vs N1 vs NX). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. Arm I: Within 8 weeks after prior surgical resection, patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 2 courses. Patients then receive additional gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 57, 64, 71, 78, 85, and 92. Beginning on day 57, patients also undergo radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week, for 6 weeks. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Arm II: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 4 courses. Quality of life (QOL) is assessed in both arms, according to the following schedules: Arm I: QOL is assessed at baseline; at 3 weeks after the beginning of chemoradiotherapy; after the completion of chemoradiotherapy; every 3 months for 2 years; and then every 6 months for 1 year. Arm II: QOL is assessed at baseline; at 12 weeks; at 16 weeks; every 3 months for 2 years; and then every 6 months for 1 year. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 538 patients (269 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

Enrollment

97 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

Histologically confirmed pancreatic head adenocarcinoma

Prior pancreaticoduodenectomy required

  • Documented histological examination of surgical margins (R0), including retroperitoneal margin
  • Performed within the past 8 weeks
  • Any number of lymph nodes (less than 10 OR 10 or more) allowed
  • No periampullary cancer

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-2 OR
  • WHO 0-2

Life expectancy

Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • WBC greater than 3,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 150,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin greater than 9.0 g/dL

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin less than 1.5 times normal
  • AST and ALT less than 3.0 times normal

Renal

Creatinine less than 1.2 mg/dL

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No other prior or concurrent malignancy except basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that would preclude study compliance and follow-up

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

No concurrent immunotherapy

Chemotherapy

  • No prior chemotherapy
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

Not specified

Radiotherapy

No prior radiotherapy

Surgery

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from prior surgery

Other

No other concurrent anticancer agents

Trial contacts and locations

59

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems