Gene Therapy in Preventing Cancer in Patients With Premalignant Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity or Pharynx

National Cancer Institute (NCI) logo

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2
Phase 1

Conditions

Stage 0 Oropharyngeal Cancer
Oropharyngeal Cancer
Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer
Stage 0 Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer
Tongue Cancer

Treatments

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Biological: Ad5CMV-p53 gene

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT00064103
MDA-ID-00193
NCI-2012-02541
P50CA097007 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
CDR0000306522 (Registry Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of gene therapy and to see how well it works in preventing cancer in patients with premalignant carcinoma of the oral cavity or pharynx. Inserting the p53 gene into a person's tumor cells may improve the body's ability to kill the tumor cells

Full description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the acute toxic effects of Ad5CMV-p53 gene administered as an oral rinse and as an intramucosal injection in patients with diffuse premalignant carcinoma of the oral cavity or oral pharynx. II. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of this drug in these patients. III. Determine the topical transduction efficiency of adenoviral-mediated wild type p53 gene transfer in patients treated with this drug. IV. Determine the efficacy of this drug in reversing the histology of oral premalignancies in these patients. V. Determine the distribution of transgenic protein within the area of the premalignant lesion in patients treated with this drug. OUTLINE: This is an open-label, dose-escalation study of Ad5CMV-p53 gene administered as an oral rinse. Phase I: Patients receive Ad5CMV-p53 gene by intramucosal injection into the area of the lesion followed at least 2 hours later by Ad5CMV-p53 gene as an oral rinse on day 1. Patients then receive Ad5CMV-p53 gene as an oral rinse twice daily on days 2-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of Ad5CMV-p53 gene as an oral rinse until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Phase II: Patients receive treatment with intramucosal Ad5CMV-p53 gene as in phase I and Ad5CMV-p53 gene as an oral rinse at the MTD. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 1 year, and then annually for 3 years. Patients then receive long-term follow-up annually for an additional 10 years.

Enrollment

51 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Histologically confirmed mild to moderate dysplasia OR severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ of the oral cavity or oral pharynx

Clinically evident diffuse premalignant disease, defined by 1 of the following mucosal abnormalities:

  • Extension between adjacent organ structures (e.g., lateral tongue, ventral tongue, and the floor of the mouth)
  • Extensive surface area, including the entire ventral tongue or floor of the mouth or buccal mucosa, in a velvety "indiscreet" pattern

Meets 1 of the following criteria:

  • Previously treated with conventional treatment (e.g., radiotherapy or surgery) for a prior head and neck malignancy
  • Failed biochemoprevention approaches for premalignant disease
  • Failed other therapeutic approaches for premalignant disease
  • No active squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck
  • Performance status - Karnofsky 70-100%
  • Absolute granulocyte count at least 2,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.0 mg/dL
  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • No hypertension (baseline blood pressure 140/90 mm Hg or higher)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective barrier contraception during and for 1 year after study participation
  • HIV-1 negative
  • No known contact with former tissue or organ transplantation recipients or individuals with severe immunodeficiency disease (acquired or congenital) during and for 28 days after study treatment
  • No prior malignancy within the past 2 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer or aerodigestive cancer
  • No active systemic viral, bacterial, or fungal infections requiring treatment
  • No serious concurrent illness that would preclude study compliance and follow-up
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, geographical, or other condition that would preclude study compliance and follow-up
  • See Disease Characteristics
  • More than 21 days since prior chemotherapy (42 days for mitomycin and nitrosoureas)
  • No concurrent systemic chemotherapy
  • No concurrent prednisone or the equivalent, including corticosteroids of more than 10 mg/day
  • See Disease Characteristics
  • More than 3 months since prior radiotherapy involving the lesion selected for this study
  • No concurrent radiotherapy
  • See Disease Characteristics
  • More than 8 weeks since prior investigational agents
  • No prior experimental therapy (i.e., oral, systemic, topical, or direct injection) for the lesion selected for treatment in this study
  • No other concurrent immunosuppressive therapy
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No concurrent aspirin dose greater than 175 mg/day

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

51 participants in 1 patient group

Treatment (Ad5CMV-p53 gene)
Experimental group
Description:
Phase I: Patients receive Ad5CMV-p53 gene by intramucosal injection into the area of the lesion followed at least 2 hours later by Ad5CMV-p53 gene as an oral rinse on day 1. Patients then receive Ad5CMV-p53 gene as an oral rinse twice daily on days 2-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of Ad5CMV-p53 gene as an oral rinse until the MTD is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Phase II: Patients receive treatment with intramucosal Ad5CMV-p53 gene as in phase I and Ad5CMV-p53 gene as an oral rinse at the MTD.
Treatment:
Biological: Ad5CMV-p53 gene
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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