Ginger Control of Chemotherapy Induced Nausea and Vomiting

National Institutes of Health (NIH) logo

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Vomiting
Nausea
Chemotherapy

Treatments

Drug: Ginger

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT00065221
R21AT001735-01

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a trial to determine the safety and efficacy of ginger in reducing the prevalence and severity of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting.

Full description

Chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting significantly reduces patients' quality of life, increases fatigue, anxiety, and increases costs of health care delivery. Ginger (Zingiber officinalis) is already used in traditional folk medicine to treat nausea and vomiting in various populations. Ginger's ability to block 5-HT3 receptors and its free-radical scavenging in the intestines suggest that it may be beneficial for reducing both the prevalence and severity of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting. Despite ginger's possible benefits in reducing the prevalence and severity of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting, no dosing and/or safety studies have been performed. This study will assess the efficacy and safety of two dose levels (1000 mg, or 2000 mg, orally/day) of Zingiber officinalis extract (standardized for 5% gingerols) in patients undergoing chemotherapy (cisplastin or adriamycin) who have experienced at least one episode of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting despite optimal conventional medical therapy. The primary aim of the study is to determine the most efficacious dose of powdered ginger-root for reducing the prevalence and severity of acute nausea and vomiting. Secondary aims of the study include (1) determination of the most efficacious dose of powdered ginger-root for reducing the prevalence and severity of delayed nausea and vomiting; (2) assessment of the safety of different doses of oral powdered ginger root in patients receiving chemotherapy; and (3) determination if study participants can discern if they are receiving placebo or ginger. Participants receiving either adriamycin or cisplatin for cancer related treatment will be randomized to receive one of two doses of powdered ginger or placebo immediately prior to chemotherapy infusion. Participants will be followed for 72 hours after infusion in order to assess frequency and severity of nausea and vomiting. Baseline and 72 hour post chemotherapy labs will be used to assess safety profile of ginger.

Enrollment

180 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Confirmed diagnosis of cancer and currently receiving chemotherapy
  • Currently being treated with any chemotherapeutic agent at any dose, and have experienced nausea and/or vomiting from a previous round of chemothearpy
  • Scheduled to receive a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist antiemetic: ondansetron (Zofran®) granistron (Kytril®), tropisetron (Navoban®) or dolasetron mesylate (Anzemet®), palanosetron (Alozi) and/or the NK1 antagonist aprepitant (Emend)
  • Must be able to swallow capsules
  • Must be able to understand English or Spanish, complete questionnaires in English or Spanish
  • Women of childbearing age to use appropriate birth control

Exclusion criteria

Chemotherapy regimens with multiple-day doses

Clinical evidence of current or impending bowel obstruction or symptomatic brain metastases

  • Concurrent radiotherapy that is classified as high or intermediate risk of causing nausea and vomiting; total body irradiation, hemi-body, upper abdomen, abdominal-pelvic mantle, cranium, craniospinal irradiation
  • Pregnant or lactating
  • Patients with a history of a bleeding disorder(s) or those experiencing thrombocytopenia
  • Currently be taking ginger or have taken ginger in the last month
  • Have an allergy to ginger

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

Trial contacts and locations

6

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems