Glyburide Advantage in Malignant Edema and Stroke - Remedy Pharmaceuticals (GAMES-RP)

R

Remedy Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Ischemic Stroke
Malignant Edema

Treatments

Drug: Glyburide for Injection
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT01794182
RPI 203 (Other Identifier)
252LH203

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a randomized, multi-center, prospective, double blind study. The primary objective is to assess the efficacy and safety of glyburide (RP-1127) compared to placebo in participants with a severe anterior circulation ischemic stroke who are likely to develop malignant edema.This objective will be addressed by comparing the proportion of glyburide treated particpants and placebo treated participants with a Day 90 modified Rankin Scale (mRS) ≤ 4 without decompressive craniectomy (DC). The secondary objective is to assess the efficacy of RP-1127 compared to placebo in participants with a severe anterior circulation ischemic stroke who were likely to develop malignant edema.

Full description

The study population consists of participants with a clinical diagnosis of acute severe anterior circulation ischemic stroke, a baseline diffusion weighted image (DWI) lesion between 82 and 300 cm3, age 18-80 years, and time from symptom onset to start of study infusion of ≤10 hours. The study will enroll both participants that do not receive intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) and those that receive IV rtPA within 4.5 hours of stroke. Enrollment will be randomized controlling for site, age ≤60 (yes/no), and IV rtPA treatment at baseline (yes/no). Participants will be randomized equally between glyburide and placebo. This study was previously posted by Remedy Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and has since been acquired by Biogen.

Enrollment

86 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • A clinical diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke in the MCA territory (PCA and/or ACA territory involvement in addition to primary MCA territory stroke is acceptable).
  • Prior to stroke, no disability, or no significant disability despite symptoms (able to carry out all usual duties and activities).
  • A baseline DWI lesion between 82 and 300 cm3 on MRI.
  • Patients treated with IV rtPA should meet established criteria for IV rtPA administration in the 0-3 and 3-4.5 hr time periods at the time of rtPA administration (if rtPA is administered in the 3-4.5 hr time window, the NIHSS must be ≤ 25 at the time of rtPA administration).
  • The time to the start of infusion of Study Drug must be ≤ 10 hours after time of symptom onset, if known, or the time last seen well [termed "time last known at neurologic baseline" (TLK@B)].
  • Provision of written informed consent by a legally authorized representative according to institutional guidelines and national regulations.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Commitment to decompressive craniectomy (DC) prior to enrollment, or following enrollment and prior to start of Study Drug.
  • Treatment with intra-arterial (IA) rtPA or by mechanical means for clot disruption.
  • Patients unable to tolerate MRI scanning, e.g. those with pacemakers or automatic defibrillators.
  • Evidence (clinical or imaging) of concurrent infarction in the contralateral hemisphere deemed by the investigator to be sufficiently serious so as to affect functional outcome.
  • Clinical signs of herniation, e.g. one or two dilated, fixed pupils; unconsciousness (i.e., ≥ 2 on item 1a on the NIHSS); and/or loss of other brain stem reflexes attributable to edema or herniation according to the investigator's judgment.
  • Hemorrhage (other than small petechial hemorrhages) on CT/MRI, or CT/MRI evidence of anteroseptal/pineal shift greater ≥2 mm prior to enrollment that is due to cerebral edema.
  • Severe renal disorder from the patient's history (e.g. dialysis) or eGFR of < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2.
  • Severe liver disease or ALT >3 times normal, or bilirubin >2 times normal.
  • Blood glucose <55 mg/dL at enrollment or immediately prior to administration of Study Drug, or a clinically significant history of hypoglycemia.
  • Acute ST elevation myocardial infarction, and/or acute decompensated HF, and/or QTc>520 ms, and/or known history of cardiac arrest (PEA, VT, VF, asystole), and/or admission for an ACS, MI, or coronary intervention (PCI or coronary artery surgery) within the past 3 months.
  • Known sulfonylurea treatment within 7 days. Sulfonylureas include glyburide /glibenclamide (Diabeta, Glynase); glyburide plus metformin (Glucovance); glimepiride (Amaryl); repaglinide (Prandin); netaglinide (Starlix); glipizide (Glucotrol, GlibeneseR, MinodiabR); gliclazide (DiamicronR); tolbutamide (Orinase, Tolinase); glibornuride (Glutril).
  • Known allergy to sulfa or specific allergy to sulfonylurea drugs.
  • Known G6PD enzyme deficiency.
  • Pregnant women. Women must be either post-menopausal (as confirmed by the LAR), permanently sterilized or, if ≤ 50 years old must have a negative test for pregnancy obtained before enrollment.
  • Breast-feeding women who do not agree (or their LAR does not agree) to stop breast- feeding during Study Drug infusion and for 7 days following the end of Study Drug infusion.
  • Patients already enrolled in a non-observation-only stroke study, or with life-expectancy <3 months not related to current stroke, or those unlikely to be compliant with follow up.
  • Patients currently receiving an investigational drug.
  • Patients in whom a peripheral IV line cannot be placed.
  • Mentally incompetent (prior to qualifying stroke) patients and wards of the state.
  • Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are not suitable for the study (reason to be documented).

NOTE: Other protocol defined inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

86 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Matching Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Participants received a bolus dose of matching placebo over 2 minutes, followed by a continuous matching placebo infusion for 72 hours.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Glyburide for Injection
Experimental group
Description:
Participants received a 0.13 mg bolus dose of glyburide over 2 minutes, followed by a 0.16 mg/hr continuous infusion for 6 hours and than a 0.11 mg/hr for 66 hours for a total dosing period of 72 hours.
Treatment:
Drug: Glyburide for Injection

Trial contacts and locations

17

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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