Gossypol Acetic Acid With Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in Treating Patients With Relapsed Symptomatic Multiple Myeloma

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Mayo Clinic

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Recurrent Plasma Cell Myeloma

Treatments

Other: Pharmacological Study
Drug: Dexamethasone
Drug: Lenalidomide
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Drug: R-(-)-Gossypol Acetic Acid

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT02697344
15-003501
NCI-2016-00073 (Registry Identifier)
MC1384B

Details and patient eligibility

About

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of R-(-)-gossypol acetic acid when given together with lenalidomide and dexamethasone and to see how well it works in treating patients with multiple myeloma, also known as plasma cell myeloma, that has come back after a period of improvement or has gotten worse after treatment. R-(-)-gossypol acetic acid may stop the growth of cancer cells by recognizing certain proteins and stimulating programmed cell death. Lenalidomide may stimulate or suppress the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving R-(-)-gossypol acetic acid with lenalidomide and dexamethasone may work better in treating patients with multiple myeloma.

Full description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose of R-(-)-gossypol acetic acid (AT-101) that can be combined with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM). (Phase I) II. To determine the overall response rate (partial response or better) of AT-101 when used in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed symptomatic MM. (Phase II) SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the progression free survival and overall survival among patients with relapsed symptomatic MM following treatment with AT-101 in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone. II. To determine the toxicities associated with AT-101 in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed symptomatic MM. TERTIARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine in vivo the anti-myeloma effect of AT-101 alone by assessing extent of decrease in M-protein (serum and/or urine) after 1 cycle of AT-101 alone. II. Determine the pharmacodynamics effect of AT-101 in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone treatment on primary myeloma cell in vivo. III. Explore potential mechanism of resistance to AT-101 in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone therapy and the role of B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2). OUTLINE: This is a phase I dose-escalation study of R-(-)-gossypol acetic acid followed by a phase II study. Patients receive R-(-)-gossypol acetic acid orally (PO) once a day (QD) on days 1-21. Beginning in course 2, patients also receive lenalidomide PO QD on days 1-21 and dexamethasone PO QD on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for up to 3 years.

Enrollment

10 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Calculated creatinine clearance (using Cockcroft-Gault equation) >= 60 mL/min =<14 days prior to registration

  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3 =<14 days prior to registration

  • Platelet count >= 75000/mm^3 =<14 days prior to registration

  • Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL =<14 days prior to registration

  • Patient must have relapsed and symptomatic multiple myeloma

  • Measurable disease of multiple myeloma as defined by at least ONE of the following:

    • Serum monoclonal protein >= 1.0 g/dL
    • >= 200 mg of monoclonal protein in the urine on 24 hour electrophoresis
    • Serum immunoglobulin free light chain >= 10 mg/dL AND abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa to lambda free light chain ratio
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1 or 2

  • Patients must have received ≥3 prior regimens for multiple myeloma

  • Provide informed written consent

  • Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only

  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)

  • Arm A Only (Closed): Willing to provide bone marrow and blood samples for correlative research purposes

Exclusion criteria

  • Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) or smoldering myeloma

  • Patients who received daratumumab, pomalidomide and dexamethasone as the most immediate prior line of therapy prior to trial enrollment (prior therapy with a daratumumab-based or a pomalidomide-based regimen are allowed and prior daratumumab-pomalidomide-dexamethasone is allowed so long as it was not given as the most immediate prior line of therapy prior to trial enrollment).

  • Other malignancy requiring active therapy EXCEPTIONS: non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix; NOTE: if there is a history of prior malignancy, they must not be receiving other specific treatment for their cancer

  • Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:

    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing women
    • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
  • Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens (e.g., uncontrolled infection, uncompensated heart or lung disease)

  • Other concurrent chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or any ancillary therapy considered investigational; NOTE: Bisphosphonates are considered to be supportive care rather than therapy, and are thus allowed while on protocol treatment

  • Prior severe skin reaction (toxic epidermal necrosis) with immunomodulating agents

  • Major surgery =< 14 days before study registration

  • Concurrent medical problems that preclude use of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis with lenalidomide treatment

  • Evidence of current uncontrolled cardiovascular conditions, including cardiac arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, angina, or myocardial infarction =< 6 months prior to registration

  • Immunocompromised patients and patients known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy NOTE: Patients known to be HIV positive, but without clinical evidence of an immunocompromised state, are eligible for this trial

  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to

    • ongoing or active infection
    • symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • unstable angina pectoris
    • cardiac arrhythmia
    • or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Known allergy to any of the study medications, their analogues or excipients in the various formulations

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

10 participants in 1 patient group

Treatment (AT-101, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone)
Experimental group
Description:
Patients receive R-(-)-gossypol acetic acid PO QD on days 1-21. Beginning in course 2, patients also receive lenalidomide PO QD on days 1-21 and dexamethasone PO QD on days 1, 8, and 15 of courses 2-12. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Treatment:
Drug: R-(-)-Gossypol Acetic Acid
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Drug: Lenalidomide
Other: Pharmacological Study
Drug: Dexamethasone

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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