Health Effects of Repeated Exposure to Low Levels of Concentrated Ambient Particles in Healthy Young Volunteers

U

U.S. EPA Human Studies Facility

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Air Pollution

Treatments

Other: PM exposure
Other: Filtered air exposure

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other U.S. Federal agency

Identifiers

NCT05323240
RPTCAP

Details and patient eligibility

About

Purpose: To determine whether 3-day consecutive exposures to levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) that are close to the current 24-hr national standard will cause changes in inflammatory and cardiopulmonary endpoints in healthy young individuals. Participants: 20 healthy males and females aged 18-35 years. Procedures (methods): Subjects will be randomly exposed to three consecutive days of filtered air (4 hr/day) and three consecutive days of PM2.5 (approximately 35 µg/m3; 4 hr/day) in an exposure chamber. Blood collection for inflammatory factors such as C-reactive protein (CRP), clotting factors; heart rate variability (HRV); spirometry; and a symptom questionnaire will be conducted before and after each exposure.

Enrollment

20 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 35 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. . Age 18-35 years old healthy male and female (BMI values between 19 and 30).

  2. . Physical conditioning allowing intermittent, moderate exercise for 2 hours, and ability to complete the exposure exercise regimen to induce a minute ventilation rate of 20 L/min/m2 for 15 min without exceeding 80% of projected maximal heart rate. Predicted maximal heart rate will be calculated using the equation [described by Tanaka et al.: (2001) J. Am. Coll. Cardiol: 208bpm-((0.7) x (age in years))]

  3. . Normal baseline 12-lead EKG.

  4. . Normal lung function based on NHANES III reference values. i. Forced vital capacity (FVC) ≥ 80% of that predicted for age, gender, ethnicity, and height.

    ii. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) ≥ 80% of that predicted for age, gender, ethnicity, and height.

    iii: FEV1/FVC ratio ≥ 80% of predicted values.

  5. . Oxygen saturation greater than 94% at the time of physical exam.

Exclusion criteria

  1. . Individuals with a diagnosis of COVID-19 and/or hospitalized for COVID-19.
  2. . Individuals not vaccinated for COVID-19, or, not 14 days beyond the final dose of receiving a COVID-19 vaccine.
  3. . Individuals with a history of acute or chronic cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes, rheumatologic diseases, or immunodeficiency state.
  4. . Individuals with a CVD risk score greater than 10% using the ACC/AHA ASCVD risk calculator (based on the 10-year risk of heart disease or stroke using the Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease algorithm published in 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guideline on the Assessment of Cardiovascular risk.
  5. . Individuals with asthma and a history of asthma.
  6. . Individuals who are allergic to chemical vapors or gases.
  7. . Females who are pregnant, attempting to become pregnant, or breastfeeding.
  8. . Individuals who are currently smoking (including vaping, hookah, e-cigarette) or have a smoking history within 1 year of study.
  9. . Individuals living with a smoker who smokes inside the house.
  10. . Individuals with a body mass index (BMI) >30 or <19. Body mass index is calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters.
  11. . Individuals with occupational exposures to high levels of vapors, dust, gases, or fumes on an on-going basis.
  12. . Individuals with uncontrolled hypertension (>140 systolic or >90 diastolic).
  13. . Individuals who do not understand or speak English.
  14. . Individuals who are unable to perform the exercise required for the study.
  15. . Individuals with a history of skin allergies to adhesives used in securing EKG electrodes.
  16. . Individuals with unspecified diseases, conditions, or medications that might influence the responses to the exposures, as judged by the medical staff.
  17. . Individuals who are unwilling or unable to stop taking over-the-counter pain medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ("NSAID") medications for 48 hours prior to the exposures and post-exposure visits. Individuals taking vitamins or supplements that the investigators believe may impact the results of the study who are unwilling or unable to stop taking them for at least two weeks before the study. Those not specifically mentioned here may be reviewed by the investigators prior to an individual's inclusion in the study.
  18. . Individuals taking systemic steroids or beta-blocker medications.
  19. . Individuals with a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level > 6.4%.
  20. . Individuals who are claustrophobic.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

20 participants in 2 patient groups

Filtered air exposure
Experimental group
Description:
Subjects will be randomly exposed to three consecutive days of filtered air exposure arm in a double-blind cross-over fashion in an exposure chamber, and exposures will be separated by a minimum of 13 days from the PM2.5 arm.
Treatment:
Other: Filtered air exposure
PM exposure
Experimental group
Description:
Subjects will be randomly exposed to three consecutive days of PM2.5 exposure arm in a double-blind cross-over fashion in an exposure chamber, and exposures will be separated by a minimum of 13 days from the filtered air arm.
Treatment:
Other: PM exposure

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Patrice Ratliffe

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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