Heart Rate During Exercise in Type 2 Diabetes (HRinT2DM)


Universidad de Los Lagos




Exercise Training
Type2 Diabetes Mellitus
Heart Rate


Other: Exercise training intervention
Other: Behavioral

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Exercise training is a cornerstone for the prevention and treatment of metabolic disorders and associated cardiometabolic complications such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and hypertension. Similar to the beneficial health effects after performing conventional continuous exercise modalities, high intensity interval training (HIIT) has been reported as an effective alternative exercise-modality to improve glucose homeostasis in both prediabetes subjects and individuals with T2D diagnosed. In this regard, although multiple HIIT-based interventions commonly report acute and long term benefits on body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness and insulin sensitivity in metabolically compromised subjects, little is known about the acute cardiovascular response (i.e., at heart rate level) during HIIT in subjects with different glucose control. HIIT is described as performing brief periods of exercise at vigorous or maximal intensity, interspersed with inactive or low intensity recovery phases of variable duration. In order to characterize different HIIT-based protocols, exercise intensity is usually defined as relative percentages of individual maximal cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) or relative maximal power output values. Nevertheless, the need for specific technological equipment to assess these parameters usually limit the prescription and recommendations of HIIT in clinical settings and other public health contexts at massive level. Additionally, the use of self-perceived exertion scales and heart rate (HR) variations upon HIIT have been demonstrating to be accessible and feasible strategies to regulate exercise intensity during HIIT. For example, it was reported that HR and self-perceived exertion scores increased progressively in T2D subjects, parallel to the oxygen consumption rate throughout an acute HIIT session performed on cycle ergometer. Consequently, it is conceivable to hypothesize that determining HR variations during HIIT might optimize the recommendation of this training methodology in metabolically compromised subjects as those at risk or with T2D diagnosed. Therefore, the aim of the present study was To describe and compare the acute heart rate changes in response to an incremental maximal exercise test and a single HIIT session between normoglycaemic (NG), prediabetes (Pre-T2D) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) subjects.

Full description

This cross-sectional study will use a non-probabilistic sample of 75 adult subjects, characterized as healthy normoglycaemic and others with disturbed glucose homeostasis subjects, all referred by a physician to the exercise programme of our research centre. The present study will be carried out in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Scientific Ethics Committee of the Universidad de La Frontera. All volunteers read and signed an informed consent. The inclusion criteria will be; a) aged 18-60 y; b) previously screened by physician professional; c) diagnosed with normoglycaemic, prediabetes or T2D state; d) and living in Temuco city. The exclusion criteria will be; a) low maximal cardiorespiratory fitness (defined as VO2max ≤21 ml/kg-1/min-1) below the expected value for the subject's sex and age 11; b) not receiving pharmacologic hypotensive treatment with β-blockers; and c) having no musculoskeletal limitations to perform exercise cycling. The total sample size will be divided in three groups according to the standard glycaemic classification 12; normoglycaemic (NG, n = 32), pre-diabetes (Pre-T2D, n = 30) and type 2 diabetes (T2D, n = 13). The study considered three stages of measurements (enrollment, exercise test, single HIIT session).


75 patients




18 to 60 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • aged 18-60 y
  • previously screened by physician professional
  • diagnosed with normoglycaemic, prediabetes or T2D state
  • living in Temuco city

Exclusion criteria

  • low maximal cardiorespiratory fitness (defined as VO2max ≤21 ml/kg-1/min-1) below the expected value for the subject's sex and age
  • not receiving pharmacologic hypotensive treatment with β-blockers
  • having no musculoskeletal limitations to perform exercise cycling

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Single Blind

75 participants in 3 patient groups

Normoglicamic group
Active Comparator group
Control normoglycaemic participants
Other: Exercise training intervention
Hyperglicaemic group
Active Comparator group
Control hyperglicaemic group
Other: Exercise training intervention
Experimental group
Experimental group
Experimental Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Group
Other: Behavioral

Trial documents

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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