Heart Rate Variability During Weaning From Mechanical Ventilation

H

Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre

Status

Completed

Conditions

Critical Care
Weaning

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00851825
03-435

Details and patient eligibility

About

The discontinuation of mechanical ventilation (MV) and the recovery of spontaneous breathing can lead to important cardiovascular alterations due to changes in the intrathoracic pressure. The autonomic modulation assessed through heart rate variability (HRV) during weaning from MV and its impact on cardiorespiratory variables has not been well elucidated yet. To evaluate the effect of T-tube (TT) and pressure support ventilation (PSV) during weaning from MV on cardiorespiratory variables and heart rate variability.

Full description

Thirty patients who had received MV for ≥ 48 hours and who met the criteria for weaning were assessed. Two different weaning methods were used and randomization was performed to choose one of the following sequences (baseline, PSV, rest, TT; or baseline, TT, rest, PSV). HRV was assessed by heart rate spectral analysis during MV, PSV, and TT. Each intervention lasted 30 minutes and there was a 30-minute rest period between the interventions. At the end of each period of time, the following cardiorespiratory variables were analyzed: respiratory rate (f), minute ventilation (VE), tidal volume (VT), rapid shallow breathing index (f/VT), peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2), heart rate (HR) and blood pressure. In the HRV, the total spectral power (TP), the low frequency (LF) and the high frequency (HF) components, and the ratio between the low/high frequency (LF/HF) components were calculated.

Enrollment

30 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients with respiratory failure receiving MV for more than 48 hours
  • for weaning from MV according to the parameters previously defined were selected to participate in this study

Exclusion criteria

  • arterial hypotension (systolic blood pressure < 100mmHg), severe brain disease, barotraumas, presence of thoracic drain or tracheostomy, using vasoactive and sedative drugs

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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