Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Patients With Hematologic Malignancies Using Related, HLA-Haploidentical Donors

E

European Institute of Oncology

Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 2

Conditions

Hematologic Neoplasms

Treatments

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Other: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation,

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01374841
2009-018083-94 (EudraCT Number)
IEO S513/110

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to determine if engraftment can be achieved safely in patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies who undergo non-myeloablative transplant with peripheral stem cells from Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) haploidentical donors with pre and post-transplant cyclophosphamide as immunosuppression.

Full description

It is important to extend the option of nonmyeloablative, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for potential therapy of hematologic malignancies to patients who do not have an HLA-matched donor. Almost all patients would have a related donor identical for one HLA haplotype (haploidentical) and mismatched at HLA-A, B or DR of the unshared haplotype. Thus far, nonmyeloablative HSCT from HLA-mismatched donors has been associated with a high rate of graft failure and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In this protocol, we will use a combination of immunosuppressive agents including cyclophosphamide administered before and after HSCT to facilitate engraftment and to delete highly alloreactive T-cell clones presumably involved in GVHD.

Enrollment

20 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 70 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients ≤70 years old

Eligible diagnoses:

  • CML in AP
  • AML with high-risk cytogenetics [del(5q)/-5, del(7q)/-7, abnormal 3q, 9q, 11q, 20q, 21q, 17p, t(6:9), t(9;22), complex karyotypes (≥3 abnormalities)] in CR1
  • AML ≥ CR2; patients should have <5% marrow blasts at the time of transplant

High-risk ALL defined as:

CR1 with high-risk cytogenetics t(9;22), t(8;14), t(4;11), t(1;19) for adult patients >4 wk to achieve CR1

≥ CR2 Patients should have <5% marrow blasts at the time of transplant

  • MDS (>int-1 per IPSS) after ≥ 1 prior cycle of induction chemotherapy; should have<5% marrow blasts at the time of transplant
  • MM Stage II or III patients who have progressed after an initial response to chemotherapy or autologous HSCT or MM patients with refractory disease who may benefit from tandem autologous-nonmyeloablative allogeneic transplant
  • CLL, NHL or HD who are ineligible for autologous HSCT or who have resistant/refractory disease and who may benefit from tandem autologous nonmyeloablative allogeneic transplant.
  • Patients who have received a prior allogeneic HSCT and who have either rejected their grafts or who have become tolerant of their grafts with no active GvHD requiring immunosuppressive therapy could be enrolled

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients with suitably matched related or unrelated donors
  • Patients with conventional transplant options (a conventional transplant should be the priority for eligible patients ≤ 50 yr of age who have a related donor mismatched for a single HLA-A, -B or DRB1 antigen)
  • CNS involvement with disease refractory to intrathecal chemotherapy
  • Presence of active, serious infection (e.g., mucormycosis, uncontrolled aspergillosis, tuberculosis)
  • Karnofsky Performance Status < 60% for adult patients (Appendix A)

Patients with the following organ dysfunction:

  • Left ventricular ejection fraction <35%
  • DLCO <35% and/or receiving supplemental continuous oxygen
  • Liver abnormalities: fulminant liver failure, cirrhosis of the liver with evidence of portal hypertension, alcoholic hepatitis, esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy, uncorrectable hepatic synthetic dysfunction as evidenced by prolongation of the prothrombin time, ascites related to portal hypertension, bacterial or fungal liver abscess, biliary obstruction, chronic viral hepatitis with total serum bilirubin >3 mg/dL or symptomatic biliary disease.
  • HIV-positive patients
  • Women of childbearing potential who are pregnant (β-HCG+) or breast feeding
  • Fertile men and women unwilling to use contraceptives during and for 12 months post transplant
  • Life expectancy severely limited by diseases other than malignancy
  • Patients on any other investigational drug at time of enrolment

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

20 participants in 1 patient group

Stem Cell Transplant+Cyclophosphamide
Experimental group
Description:
patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies will receive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from haploidentical donors after treatment with cyclophosphamide
Treatment:
Other: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation,
Drug: Cyclophosphamide

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Rocco Pastano, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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