High-Dose Interferon Alfa and Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Metastatic Kidney Cancer or Melanoma


Hoag Health Network

Status and phase

Phase 2


Melanoma (Skin)
Kidney Cancer


Biological: aldesleukin
Biological: recombinant interferon alfa

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


RATIONALE: Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill kidney cancer or melanoma cells. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of high-dose interferon alfa and interleukin-2 in treating patients with metastatic kidney cancer or melanoma.

Full description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the safety, efficacy, and antitumor activity of high dose interferon alfa-2b and interleukin-2 in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma or melanoma. II. Determine the toxic effects of interferon alfa-2b and interleukin-2 in these patients. OUTLINE: This is an open label study. Patients receive subcutaneous interferon alfa-2b on days 1-4. Patients are hospitalized and receive bolus infusions of interleukin-2 (IL-2) followed by a continuous infusion on days 5-7. Patients are observed at least 12 hours following IL-2 treatment. Treatment is repeated every 4 weeks until disease progression or up to a maximum of six cycles. Patients are followed every 2 months for one year, then for survival. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: If at least 1 response is seen in the first 14 patients in each group, a maximum of 40 patients per group will be accrued.


40 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven metastatic renal cell carcinoma or melanoma Measurable or evaluable disease No active brain metastases Previously treated CNS metastases responding to therapy are eligible, but CNS cannot be the site of evaluable disease

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance Status: ECOG 0-2 Life Expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Hematocrit at least 25 WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 PT and PTT within normal limits Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No myocardial infarction within 6 months No medication for congestive heart failure or cardiac arrhythmias No hypertension (unless blood pressure is stable off medication) Pulmonary: Must have reasonable respiratory reserves and not require supplemental oxygen No dyspnea at rest Oxygen saturation must be greater than 90% for patients with risk of respiratory symptoms Other: Not HIV positive Not positive for hepatitis B antigen No chronic underlying immunodeficiency No concurrent active infection requiring antibiotic therapy Not pregnant or nursing No concurrent serious illness No family history of malignant hyperthermia No hypersensitivity to interferon alfa-2b and interleukin-2

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior interleukin-2 and interferon alfa-2b in combination therapy Chemotherapy: No prior systemic chemotherapy within 4 weeks of study and recovered Endocrine therapy: No concurrent corticosteroid therapy Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy within 4 weeks of interleukin-2 therapy No prior stereotactic radiosurgery or gamma knife therapy within 1 week of interleukin-2 therapy Surgery: No prior organ allograft transplantation Must be recovered from prior surgery Other: No concurrent cyclosporin therapy No concurrent treatment with other anticancer agents

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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