High-flow Nasal Oxygenation Versus Standard Oxygenation for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy With Sedation in Obese Patients


Ain Shams University


Not yet enrolling


Prevention of Intraoperative Hypoxia


Device: High flow nasal cannula (HFNO)
Device: nasal cannula

Study type


Funder types



FMASU Master 763/2023

Details and patient eligibility


Hypoxaemia is a major complication during gastrointestinal endoscopy (GIE) procedures (upper/lower) when performed under deep sedation in the procedure room especially with a body mass index above 30 kg/m². The objective of the present work is to compare the use of High-flow nasal oxygenation (HFNO) with Standard oxygen therapy (SOT) in obese patient undergoing GIE.

Full description

• Pre-operative settings: All patients will be subjected to full history taking and thorough physical examination. Age, sex and American Society Association (ASA) physical status were recorded. Preoperative investigations will be done to all patients including laboratory investigations. Oxygen saturation (SpO2) is recorded in ambient air preoperative monitoring including ECG, non-invasive blood pressure and SpO2 via pulse oximeter are displayed and recorded in each patient using standard anaesthesia monitors. Arterial Blood Gase(ABG) are sampled on room air . Intraoperative settings: According to ASA standard monitoring criteria (pulse oximeter, non-invasive blood pressure cuff and electrocardiogram) will be attached to all patients. All patients will be monitored for peripheral oxygen saturation, blood pressure, Electrocardiogram through the whole operation. Intravenous access will be applied under aseptic condition, SpO2 is recorded in ambient air. Preoxygenation with the oxygen device (face mask 10L/min) for 3 min before starting the induction. The induction is done by An initial bolus of propofol (0.5-1 mg/kg) is administered intravenously, followed by a repeated bolus (10-20 mg) according to the patient's condition, or a continuous propofol infusion (2-6 mg/kg/h, with an additional bolus administered as needed) The infusion rate is chosen according to the desired sedation depth and the patient risk profile . In group A(intervention group) : preoxygenation for 3 min ,then start induction .Once the eyelash reflex has disappeared O2 is administered by HFNO with flow 70L/min and the FiO2 is set at 40%,The decision to set the FiO2 at 40% was made to obtain a similar FiO2 in both groups and to reduce the risk of hyperoxia and hypercapnia. In group B(control group):preoxygenation for 3 min, after induction ,once the eyelash reflex has disappeared, O2 is administered by nasal cannula at 6L/min. The investigator- chose to set a similar initial FiO2 in both groups during preoxygenation and procedure not to disadvantage the SOT group, as similar FiO2 will allow to determine if the HFNO- induced Positive End Expiratory Pressure PEEP and dead space washout effects could be beneficial. During the procedure, in both groups, if deemed necessary, the investigator can raise the FiO2 or the gas flow in case of desaturation or for any reason. In case of major intolerance, HFNO or SOT can be stopped and replaced by any other oxygen therapy technique. Tracheal intubation is allowed if necessary. In every case, investigators have to record all events in the case report form. Post-operative settings: At the end of the GIE, patients are transferred to the recovery room and the interventional period is over. HFNO is not used in the recovery room. In the recovery room, SOT is immediately applied to all patients until deemed unnecessary, according to our current practice. All patients are monitoring for one hour in the recovery room then transfer them to the ward and this is the end point of study. ABGs are sampled in the recovery to detect the risk of hypercapnia in our study.


60 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Obese patient with body mass index (BMI) >30
  • Patients scheduled for GIE (upper and/or lower endoscopy), for which sedation with maintenance of spontaneous breathing is planned.
  • Patients older than 18 years old.

Exclusion criteria

  • Gastrointestinal endoscopy (GIE) performed in emergency.
  • Necessity to intubate the patient for the procedure.
  • Patient under oxygen therapy at home.
  • Tracheostomised patient.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Patient not affiliated or excluded from social protection

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Quadruple Blind

60 participants in 2 patient groups

High flow nasal cannula group
Active Comparator group
Device: High flow nasal cannula (HFNO)
Nasal cannula group
Active Comparator group
Device: nasal cannula

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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