Homeostatic and Non-homeostatic Processing of Food Cues in Anorexia Nervosa

U

University of Heidelberg Medical Center

Status

Completed

Conditions

Healthy
Anorexia Nervosa

Treatments

Other: Glucose
Other: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03075371
UHeidelbergMedCtr

Details and patient eligibility

About

The goal of the present study is to investigate metabolic gut-brain signaling and the neural correlates of distraction from visual food cues in patients with Anorexia nervosa and healthy controls.

Full description

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder with high morbidity and lifetime mortality. This eating disorder is mainly characterized by restricted food intake despite a severely low body weight. Given the pronounced self-starvation in AN, the investigation of homeostatic food processing, and its interaction with the reward system is of great scientific interest. Previous research in AN patients has almost exclusively focused on cortical, non-homeostatic (e.g., reward related) food processing. Therefore, the primary aim of the present study is to investigate metabolic gut-brain signaling by focusing on the responsivity of the hypothalamus (i.e., the core region of homeostatic control) and the mesocorticolimbic reward system. A secondary aim is to study the interaction between the mesocorticolimbic reward system and the homeostatic (i.e., hypothalamus) system. Metabolic gut-brain signaling will be assessed by applying a single-blind, randomized, crossover design of intragastric infusion of glucose or water. This approach allows the study of gut-brain signaling to the hypothalamus and the reward system by controlling for sensory aspects of food intake (sight, smell, and taste) in AN patients and healthy controls. Furthermore, we will measure how cognitive strategies to control the desire for visual food cues (top-down control) affect the mesocorticolimbic and hypothalamic systems in AN patients differently than in healthy controls. The interaction between the hypothalamus and the mesocorticolimbic reward system will be investigated using an effective connectivity analysis. Functional magnetic resonance imaging with high spatial resolution and with an optimized protocol for the investigation of the hypothalamus and the mesocorticolimbic reward system will be used to study for the first time homeostatic and non-homeostatic food cue processing in AN patients.

Enrollment

85 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • patients that meet the diagnostic criteria for AN (DSM-V criteria)
  • Medically stable patients with a BMI < 17.5 kg/m² and > 13 kg/m²; Healthy controls with a BMI <25 kg/m² and >18.5 kg/m²
  • Over Age of 18 years
  • no other lifetimes or current medical illness that could potentially affect appetite or body weight
  • right-handedness
  • normal or corrected-to-normal vision

Exclusion criteria

  • history of head injury or surgery
  • history of neurological disorder
  • severe psychiatric comorbidity (psychosis, bipolar disorder, substance abuse)
  • smoking
  • borderline personality disorder
  • current psychotropic medication
  • inability to undergo fMRI scanning (e.g. metallic implants, claustrophobia, Pacemakers)
  • pregnancy

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

85 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

intragastric glucose administration
Active Comparator group
Treatment:
Other: Glucose
intragastric water administration
Placebo Comparator group
Treatment:
Other: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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