Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (HIV and COPD)

C

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice

Status

Completed

Conditions

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Treatments

Other: COPD prevalence

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01639274
11-PP-09

Details and patient eligibility

About

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has considerably improved survival of HIV-infected patients. Opportunist diseases and cancers linked to immunodepression have largely regressed. Challenge is now the management of cardio-vascular diseases, nephrologic, neurologic, osteo-articular diseases, chronic hepatitis and cancer no linked to immunodepression. All this comorbidities are more reported in HIV-infected patients than in general non-HIV infected patients. Those are directly linked to the effect of chronic HIV-infection on ageing, metabolic effects of HAART, and way of life characterising this population. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) results from tobacco consumption. Bronchial chronic infection, immunity, and ageing are also involved in the physiopathology of COPD. This disease has never been evaluated in a large prospective cohort of HIV-infected patients whereas there is a known increase of tobacco consumption and pulmonary infection in this population regardless to the general population. Characterisation of COPD disease in HIV patients will allow us to make an hypothetic epidemiological link between HIV- HAART and COPD independently of tobacco consumption, and to study different physiopathologic hypothesis evocated in COPD genesis, like an accelerate pulmonary ageing.

Full description

The management of HIV is mainly represented by its commorbidities (cardio-vascular disease, nephrologic, neurologic, osteo-articular disease, chronic hepatitis and cancer no linked to immunodepression). COPD prevalence has never been studied in HIV population. In consequence, there is no guideline about the screening, treatment or follow-up of COPD in HIV patients. However this population seems particularly at risk to develop COPD because of high tobacco consumption and accelerate ageing. Thus, we need an epidemiologic study to understand the prevalence of COPD in HIV population in order to organize a specific screening and follow-up. This is supported by an improvement of COPD if early managed. On top of that, COPD screening will increase awareness of HIV patients on the problematic of tobacco consumption.

Enrollment

639 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  • HIV seropositivity
  • Age > 18 years
  • Written aggreeing
  • Affiliated or profit of a social coverage

Non inclusion criteria:

  • Age < 18 years old
  • Actual infectious pneumonia
  • COPD exacerbation last 2 months *
  • Recent (less than 1 month) myocardial infarction
  • Thoracic or abdominal pain
  • Enable to answer question secondary to mental deficienty**
  • Physic or mental incapacity to realise COPD-6 or spirometery
  • Urinary incontinency with effort
  • Prisoner
  • Refuse of consent or incapacity to give his consent

Trial design

Primary purpose

Diagnostic

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

639 participants in 1 patient group

COPD
Other group
Treatment:
Other: COPD prevalence

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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