Hypofractionated Image-Guided Radiotherapy (IGRT) With Organ Motion Mitigation and Urethral Sparing for Prostate Cancer

F

Fundacao Champalimaud

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate

Treatments

Device: Rectal balloon with air filling
Procedure: Image-guided, volumetric intensity-modulated arc radiotherapy (IGRT-VMAT)
Device: Urethral catheter loaded with beacon transponders
Radiation: IGRT 45 Gy in 5 fractions of 9 Gy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02761889
HYPO

Details and patient eligibility

About

The present study evaluates the clinical outcomes following definitive ultra-high dose per fraction external beam radiation therapy delivered in patients with organ-confined adenocarcinoma of the prostate. Patients enrolled in the study will undergo image-guided, volumetric intensity-modulated arc radiotherapy (IGRT-VMAT) with state-of-the-art treatment-planning and quality assurance procedures with emphasis on normal tissue sparing and delivery accuracy via the use of devices that ensure stability and beam location reproducibility. A rectal balloon with air filling will be used for prostate target immobilization and anatomical reproducibility, while a urethral catheter loaded with beacon transponders will be used to ensure set-up reproducibility and online target tracking. Previously untreated patients with prostate cancer will be treated with 45 Gy in five fractions of 9 Gy over 5 consecutive days. Patients will be followed at one month post-treatment and every 3 months for up to 12 months (+/- 4 weeks) and every 6 months (+/- 6 weeks) thereafter. Acute and late toxicity evaluations will focus, though not exclusively, on urinary, rectal and sexual functions and will be assessed through validated Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC), International prostate symptom score (IPSS) and International index of erectile function (IIEF) questionnaires. Serum Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) values will be drawn on the same schedule as clinical follow-up. Patients will be continuously monitored for a minimum of 5 years.

Enrollment

200 patients

Sex

Male

Ages

40+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Signed study specific informed consent form;
  • Histologic confirmation of adenocarcinoma of the prostate by biopsy;
  • Previous hormonal therapy is allowed (but not required);
  • No direct evidence of regional or distant metastases after appropriate staging studies;
  • Age ≥ 40;
  • Performance Status 0-2;
  • American Urological Association (AUA) score must be ≤ 20 (alpha blockers allowed);
  • Computerized Tomography (CT) or Ultrasound-based volume estimation of prostate gland ≤ 150 grams.

Exclusion criteria

  • Metastatic disease from prostate cancer on imaging studies MRI evidence of radiographic T3, T4;
  • Previous pelvic radiotherapy;
  • Previous surgery for prostate cancer;
  • Previous hormonal therapy given for more than 6 months prior to therapy;
  • History of Crohn's Disease or Ulcerative Colitis;
  • Previous significant obstructive symptoms;
  • Significant psychiatric illness;
  • Severe, active co-morbidity as defined in section 3.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

200 participants in 1 patient group

IGRT 45 Gy in 5 fractions of 9 Gy
Experimental group
Description:
Patients will be treated using volumetric intensity-modulated arc radiotherapy (IGRT-VMAT) with emphasis on normal tissue sparing and delivery accuracy via the use of devices that ensure stability and beam location reproducibility. Patients will be treated with 45 Gy in five fractions of 9 Gy over 5 consecutive days.
Treatment:
Radiation: IGRT 45 Gy in 5 fractions of 9 Gy
Device: Urethral catheter loaded with beacon transponders
Procedure: Image-guided, volumetric intensity-modulated arc radiotherapy (IGRT-VMAT)
Device: Rectal balloon with air filling

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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