Hyponatremia Study (Delayed Hyponatremia After Pituitary Surgery) (DHAPS)

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The Washington University


Active, not recruiting


Pituitary Tumor


Other: Fluid Restricted Group

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Hyponatremia is defined as sodium below the normal range of 135-145. Symptomatically, it can cause patients to experience a wide range of symptoms including lethargy, headache, nausea, vomiting and in severe cases coma and even death. The goal of this study is to prospectively compare two approaches to the postoperative fluid management of patients undergoing transsphenoidal resection of a pituitary tumor or cyst to decrease the occurrence of postoperative delayed hyponatremia. One group will be placed on moderate fluid restriction and the other group will be placed on ad lib fluid intake.

Full description

Any adult patient with a pituitary adenoma (either non-functioning, prolactin-secreting, growth hormone secreting, gonadotropin secreting, or TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) secreting) or cyst scheduled to undergo transsphenoidal resection will be included in the study. Patients with chronic hyponatremia will be excluded. Patients will be randomly assigned to one of two groups: Group 1: these patients will be treated with moderate fluid restriction (1000 ml/24 hours for patients <100kg and 1200 ml of fluid/24 hours for >100 kg starting on postoperative day 1. Fluid restriction will be aborted if diabetes insipidus occurs. Diabetes insipidus occurs if a patient does not produce enough ADH (anti-diuretic hormone) which is needed to concentrate the urine. Diabetes insipidus causes increased urination and increased thirst and can cause hypernatremia (an increased sodium level). A person will be diagnosed with diabetes insipidus if they meet all of the following criteria: serum sodium level > 146, dilute urine with a urine specific gravity < 1.003 and increased urine output defined by urine output > 300cc/hour for 2 consecutive hours( or > 6 liter/24 hours). Group 2: these patients will not be placed on fluid restriction, they will be allowed to drink water freely after surgery. All patients will be started on D5 ½ normal saline IV fluids (Weight based) and will be allowed to eat and drink starting on POD 1. All the patients will receive a thirst questionnaire that will be completed daily starting on POD 1 until POD 13. The intensity of thirst will be assessed on a scale of 1--10, with 1 being no thirst, 5 being normal thirst and 10 being unbearable thirst. Patients will have basic metabolic panels checked on post-surgical days 1, 3, 7, 10 and 13.


300 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

• Any adult patient with a pituitary adenoma or cyst (either non-functioning, prolactin-secreting, growth hormone secreting, ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)-secreting, gonadotropin secreting, or TSH secreting) scheduled to undergo pituitary resection.

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients with a history of chronic hyponatremia
  • Patients with a history of SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone) , except if secondary to hypothyroidism or adrenal insufficiency, or in association with prior TSS
  • Patients with diabetes insipidus or patients receiving DDAVP
  • Patients without an intact thirst mechanism
  • Patients with CKD (chronic kidney disease) stage III, IV or V
  • Patients with untreated adrenal insufficiency or hypothyroidism
  • Patients with class III or IV heart failure

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Single Blind

300 participants in 2 patient groups

Fluid restricted
Experimental group
Fluids will be stopped at 8am on POD 1 and patients will be started on a moderate fluid restriction on POD #3 based on their weight (1000 cc/24 hours for patients who weigh <=100 kg and 1200 cc/24 hours for patients who weigh > 100kg)
Other: Fluid Restricted Group
Non Fluid Restricted
No Intervention group
No fluid restriction

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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